(The lesson in
hand is based on Jambu Swami Charit.)
Last Tirthankar Lord Mahaveer was completely passionless and
omniscient. Was there any other similar personality ?
Yes. After Mahaveer, Gautam Swami, Sudbarmacharya and Jambu
Swami were completely omniscient and passionless. The last
omniscient of this era was Jambu Swami.
Was Jambu Swami also a prince like Mahaveer Swami?
No sister, he was the son of a wealthy merchant of Rajgriha. His
father was Arahdas and mother Jinmati. He was born on the last day
of the Falgun month.
occupied an important place in the court of King Shrenik and the
contemporary community. Many wealthy persons of the city wanted to
offer their daughters to Jambu Kumar in marriage and four such girls
were already betrothed to him, but....
But what ?
But since childhood, he was strongly averse to, worldly possessions.
His mind used to be agitated for psychic happiness and as such he
declined to marry.
Declined? Abandoned relations after betrothal ? Did not marry ?
He wished not to marry at all, but when, the girls knew this they
decided to marry none other than Jambu Kumar, or otherwise to remain
Parents of Jambu Kumar and. all the four girls requested Jambu Kumar
nor to refuse to marry. They allowed him to get initiated into
monkhood after the marriage celebrations, because they knew that all
the four beautiful girls will charm the mind of Jambu Kumar and then
he would forget to renounce the world. But….
Jambu Kumar agreed to marry, but he could not be attracted towards
worldly sensual pleasures ?
Did the marriage not materialise?
Marriage did take place, but just the next day Jambu Kumar left
home, family associations, wealth and belongings and all the four
goddess-like wives and got initiated into the order of the JAIN
What were the names of his wives? Did they not persuade him not
to join the order of the monks ?
They were Padamshri, Kamalshri, Vinayshri and Roopshri. With
their passionate gestures, good looks, service and cleverness, they
tried their level best to detain Jambu Kumar at home, but they could
not move him, for he wanted to drink deep of the spiritual bliss by
It was alright. The feelings of attachments of the worldly
people cannot influence the spiritually-minded people. Rays of
consciousness and asceticism are powerful enough to destroy
attachments and ignorance.
You are correct. His consciousness and asceticism influcenced
the thief Vidyutchor, who had entered the house of Jambu Kumar that
very night for stealing. He also accepted the order of JAIN saints
after hearing the discussions of Jambu Kumar with his newly married
wives and understanding his deep feelings of renunciation.
What happened to those girls ?
They also broke themselves from the sensory pleasures of life,
turned towards renunciation and got initiated as she-monks of the
Jain order. Jambu Kumar's parents also got initiated into monkhood.
Thus, the whole
atmosphere was permeated with asceticism. Monk Jambu Kumar engrossed
himself deeply in spiritual contemplation. On the 7th day of second
half of Magh month, the day when his preceptor Sudharmacharya
obtained complete liberation, he achieved omniscience.
As with the days of liberation of Mahaveer and the day of obtaining
omniscience by Gautam, the day of liberation of Sudharmacharya and
the day of achieving omniscience by Jambu Kumar are the same.
After that Jambu Swami preached the gospels of religion for eighteen
years from Magadh to Mathura and ultimately he obtained the state of
Nirvan (Supreme bliss) from Chaurasi Mathura.
Dr. H.C. Bharill