Thus there will be operation of 9, 8 or 7 at a
time in the 2nd stage with different variations. As one example of the several
variations in Group IV a soul may have operation of four kinds of anger, with
female sex, and laughter and indulgence.
(III) The Mixed stage. There is no operation of
errorfeeding passions here, and therefore only three kinds of the four kinds
of passions win beeounted. Mixedrightandwrong belief will how ever be added
in place of wrong belief.
Thus we shall have four groups like this.
Table
No. 7 relating to Mixed Stage.
The Mixed stage four groups. 
I 
II 
III 
IV 
Fear & Disgust. 
2 
1 
1 
0 
Pairs of Laughter and Sorrow, Indulgence and
ennui. 
2 2 
2 2 
2 2 
2 2 
Three sexes 
1
1 1 
1
1 1 
1
1 1 
1
1 1 
4 Passions of 3 kinds each 
3
3 3 3 
3
3 3 3 
3
3 3 3 
3
3 3 3 
Mixed Right & Wrong Belief 
1 
1 
1 
1 
Number of classes which operate, at one
instant. 
9 
8 
8 
7 
Out of 
22 
21 
21 
20 
Thus there will be operation of 9, 8, or 7
subclasses of Deluding Karma at a time in a soul in the Mixed stage. Taking an
example in Group IV a soul may have operation of 8 sub. classes, Mixed belief.
with 3 kinds of greed, common sex, sorrow and ennui and fear.
(IV) Vowless stage with DestructiveSubsidential,
or Clouded Right Belief. Replacing mixed by cloudedRight Belief we have four
groups here again, similar to those just preceding
Table
No.8, relating to Vowless stage with Clouded Right Belief.
The Vowless stage four groups. 
I 
II 
III 
IV 
Fear & Disgust. 
2 
1 
1 
0 
Pairs of Laughter and Sorrow, Indulgence and
ennui. 
2 2 
2 2 
2 2 
2 2 
Three sexes 
1
1 1 
1
1 1 
1
1 1 
1
1 1 
4 Passions of 3 kinds each 
3
3 3 3 
3
3 3 3 
3
3 3 3 
3
3 3 3 
Clouded Right Belief 
1 
1 
1 
1 
Number of classes which operate, at one
instant. 
9 
8 
8 
7 
Out of 
22 
21 
21 
20 
(V)  Partial Vow Stage. In this stage with
Clouded Right Belief. we have no operation, of partial vowpreventing passions.
Two out of the four kinds of passion only
operate. the other operating subclasses being as before. The subjoined
groups are similar to the preceding, except that here we have operation of 8,7.
or 6 subclasses at a time.
Table
No. 9 relating to Partial Vow Stage with Clouded Right Belief.
Partial Vow stage four groups. 
I 
II 
III 
IV 
Fear & Disgust. 
2 
1 
1 
0 
Pairs of Laughter and Sorrow, Indulgence and
ennui. 
2 2 
2 2 
2 2 
2 2 
Three sexes 
1
1 1 
1
1 1 
1
1 1 
1
1 1 
4 Passions of 2 kinds each 
2
2 2 2 
2
2 2 2 
2
2 2 2 
2
2 2 2 
Clouded Right Belief 
1 
1 
1 
1 
Number of classes which operate, at one instant. 
8 
7 
7 
6 
Out of 
8 
17 
17 
16 
(VI) Imperfect Vow Stage. In this stage with
CloudedRight Belief there is no operation of totalvowprevention passions.
The four groups will stand as below.
Table
No. 10 relating to the 6tl. and 7th stage a with Clouded Right Belief.
Clouded Right Belief stage four groups 
I 
II 
III 
IV 
Fear & Disgust. 
2 
1 
1 
0 
Pairs of Laughter and Sorrow, Indulgence and
ennui. 
2 2 
2 2 
2 2 
2 2 
3 sexes 
1
1 1 
1
1 1 
1
1 1 
1
1 1 
4 Passions of perfect conduct preventing kind. 
1 1 1 1 
1
1 1 1 
1
1 1 1 
1
1 1 1 
Clouded Right Belief 
1 
1 
1 
1 
Number of classes which operate, at one
instant. 
7 
6 
6 
5 
Out of 
14 
13 
13 
12 
Here 7 or 6 or, 5 subclasses operate at a time.
(VII) Perfect VOW Stage. The same number of
subclasses operate here in groups similar to the just preceding.
(VIII) New Thought Activity Stage. There is no
operation of CloudedRightBelief here. The 4 groups will stand thus.
Table
No. 11 relating to the 8th stage.
Eight stage four groups. 
I 
II 
III 
IV 
Fear & Disgust. 
2 
1 
1 
0 
Laughter Sorrow, Indulgence and Ennui. 
2 2 
2 2 
2 2 
2 2 
3 sexes 
1
1 1 
1
1 1 
1
1 1 
1
1 1 
The four perfect conduct preventing passions. 
1
1 1 1 
1
1 1 1 
1
1 1 1 
1
1 1 1 
Number of classes which operate, at one instant. 
6 
3 
5 
4 
Out of 
13 
12 
12 
11 
(IX) Advanced Thought Activity stage. Here we
have no operation of any of the six minor passions. i. e., fear, disgust, laughter,
sorrow. indulgence and ennui. There are five parts of this stage. Sexes are
operative in the first part only. In the second only the 4 passions operate. In
the 3rd anger, in the 4th pride, in the 5^{th} Deceit, ceases to
operate.
Table
No. 12 relating to the 9th stage.
The 9^{th} stage groups 
I 
II 
III 
IV 
V 
Sexes 
1
1 1 




Passions 
1
1 1 1 
1 1 1 1 
1
1 1 1 
1
1 1 1 
1 
Total 
7 
4 
3 
2 
1 
(X) Slightest
Delusion stage. There is operation of slight greed only.
Its Graphic representation will be. [Slight
greed. (1) ]
ϝӕוִ֤ ״֓ ֢
־ע ϝ l
ִ֏և ִ ֣
֝ם ll 478 ll
ϭӵוִ֟ ״֬ ֯
־ֻן ϭִ l
ִֿ֖֍ ִ ֡ׯ
֟ ã֭ ll 478 ll
478. A right believing (soul) having transformed
matter of errorfeeding (Passions to other passions) when descended to wrong
belief (stage has) no (Operation of errorfeeding passions) for one Avali. In
subsidential and destructive Right. Belief (there is) no operation of Clouded
RightBelief. Certainly there are 4 groups also (in both cases).
Commentary.
When a soul with destructive subsidential, or
second subsidential RightBelief, which has already transformed errorfeeding
passions into other passions, descends to WrongBelief stage, it will for one Avali
have no operation of errorfeeding passions. It will bind fresh error feeding
Karmas, which will come into operation after one Avali. In the absence of
operation of errorfeeding passions, it will have operation of only 9, 8, or 7
subclasses of deluding Karma in different ways in four groups as below :
Table
No. 13 relating to WrongBelief, without Errorfeeding Palsions.
Groups in WrongBelief, without ErrorFeeding
Passions. 
I 
II 
III 
IV 
Fear & Disgust. 
2 
1 
1 
0 
Laughter Sorrow, Indulgence and Ennui. 
2 2 
2 2 
2 2 
2 2 
3 sexes 
1
1 1 
1
1 1 
1
1 1 
1
1 1 
4 Passions of 3 kinds 
3
3 3 3 
3
3 3 3 
3
3 3 3 
3
3 3 3 
WrongBelief without Errorfeeding Passions. 
1 
1 
1 
1 
Total 
22 
21 
21 
20 
During stages from 4th to 7th a soul which has subsidential
or destructive RightBelief has no operation of CloudedRightBelief. Therefore
in none of the four groups in each of these 4 stages the subclass of Clouded
RightBelief will find a place as shown in chart below.
Table
14 relating to Vowels stage free from Clouded RightBelief.
Groups in Vowless stage without clouded belief. 
I 
II 
III 
IV 
Fear & Disgust. 
2 
1 
1 
0 
Laughter Sorrow, Indulgence and Ennui. 
2 2 
2 2 
2 2 
2 2 
3 sexes 
1
1 1 
1
1 1 
1
1 1 
1
1 1 
4 passioins each of 3 kinds 
3 3 3
3 
3
3 3 3 
3
3 3 3 
3
3 3 3 
Number of Subclasses which operate, at one
instant. 
8 
7 
7 
6 
Out of 
21 
20 
20 
19 
There will be operation of 8, 7, 7, or 6
subclasses.
Table
15 showing operation in Partial vow stage without Clouded Belief.
Groups in Vowelss stage without clouded belief. 
I 
II 
III 
IV 
Fear & Disgust. 
2 
1 
1 
0 
Laughter Sorrow, Indulgence and Ennui. 
2 2 
2 2 
2 2 
2 2 
3 sexes 
1
1 1 
1
1 1 
1
1 1 
1
1 1 
4 passions each of 2 kinds 
2
2 2 2 
2
2 2 2 
2
2 2 2 
2
2 2 2 
Number of Subclasses which operate, at one
instant. 
7 
6 
6 
5 
Out of 
17 
16 
16 
15 
There will be operation of 7, 6, 6, or 5
subclasses of deluding Karma in different ways.
Table No. 16 ,flowing operation in stages VI & VII free from
Clouded RightBelief.
Groups in above stages. 
I 
II 
III 
IV 
Fear & Disgust. 
2 
1 
1 
0 
Laughter Sorrow, Indulgence and Ennui. 
2 2 
2 2 
2 2 
2 2 
3 sexes 
1
1 1 
1
1 1 
1
1 1 
1
1 1 
4 passions each of kinds 
1
1 1 1 
1
1 1 1 
1
1 1 1 
1
1 1 1 
Number of Subclasses which operate, at one
instant. 
6 
5 
5 
4 
Out of 
13 
12 
12 
11 
There will be operation of 6, 5,5 or 4 sub.
classes of deluding Karma in different ways. The four groups of the seventh
stage will be similar to those of the 6th.
۾ֻ ״֤ ϛ ֈ
עָ ֤ Ͻ l
֢ ֝
״֓פӟ ll 479 ll
澵־ׯ ״֟ ֟
֟ ֟ l
֟ ã֭
״֣פ桴֭ ll 476 ll
479. Having added the aforesaid. (we have)
eightyfour and four, (operation) places (groups) (respectively in the first
three stages). eight, only in (each of) the four stages (from fourth to
seventh); four. two and one respectively in 8th, 9th and 10th stage). (Such are
the groups) from Wrong Belief (stage) to (that of) slightest delusion.
Commentary.
Here the groups of operation places of each
stage. from Wrong Belief to Slightest Delusion are enumerated.
The subjoined chart shows the number of groups
(operation places) as well as the number of subclasses operating in each
group at one instant.
Table 17 showing number of subclasses
bound in different groups in the Spiritual Stage.
Stages. 
I 
II 
III 
IV 
V 
VI 
VII 
VIII 
IX 
X 
Operation places showing number of Subclasses,
when errorfeeding passions do not operate. 
of
10 Of 9
Of 9 Of 8 
Of 9 Of 8 Of 8
Of 7 
Of 9 Of 9 Of 9
Of 9 
Of 9 Of 8 Of 8
Of 7 
Of 8 Of 7 Of 7
Of 6 
Of 7 Of 6 Of 6
Of
5x 
Of 7 Of 6 Of 6
Of 5 
Of 6 Of 5 Of 5
Of 4 
Of 2 Of 1 . .
. . .
. 
Of 1 . .
. . .
. . .
. 
Operation places showing number of Subclasses
when errorfeeding passions operate. 
Of 9 Of 8 Of 8
Of 7 
. .
. . .
. . .
. . .
. 
. .
. . .
. . .
. . .
. 
Of 8 Of 7 Of 7
Of 6 
Of 7 Of 6 Of 6
Of 5 
Of 6 Of 5 Of 5
Of 4 
Of 6 Of 5 Of 5
Of
4y 
. .
. . .
. . .
. . .
. 
. .
. . .
. . .
. . .
. 
. .
. . .
. . .
. . .
. 
TOTAL 
8 
4 
4 
8 
8 
8 
8 
4 
2 
1 
x When clouded right belief is operative.
y When clouded right belief is not operative.
To take an example. In wrong belief stage there
is operation of ten, nine, nine. and eight subclasses in the upper four groups
and of 9,8,8 and 7 in the lower four groups.
It should be noted here that in the 9th stage
there are five parts of them, th9 1st part has operation of 2 subclasses at a
time but the rest four parts have only 1 subclass operating at a time. See
Chart No.7. Therefore only two operation places have been shown in the chart.
֝־֝־פ ֈןֵןֽ֝
־ֽפ ։ l
֝ פ ןֵ ֟־ִ֤
ן ll 480 ll
֭־֭־פ ֟á֍סã֭
־֯֯פ ֟ l
ã֭ ֈפ ס֍ ֓ ֟پֿ֟
ϯ ן ll 480 ll
480: (There are) four (Operation) places of ten,
(nine, eight and seven subclasses in 1^{st} stage); three of nine, (eight and seven. in the 2nd) ; three of
nine. etc., (eight and seven, in 3rd); four of nine, (eight, seven and six, in
4th); (four), of eight, (seven. six and five, in 5th); (four) of seven, (six,
five and four in 6th), (the same (four) of seven etc., (in 7th) ; and three of
six (five and four in the 8th). There are twenty four Combinations, (Bhanga) in
(each of) these places till the NewthoughtActivity (stage).
Commentary.
In Table 16, the same number of subclasses
occurs twice in some groups. Leaving out of consideration the number which
occurs repeatedly in the group, relating to a stage, we have 4 operative places
in 1st stage, 3 in 2nd, 3 in 3rd, 4 in 4th, 4 in 5th, 1 in 6th, 4 in 7th, and
3 in 8th stage, aggregating to twenty nine, in all the stages.
With regard ~o this method of counting, it must
be noted, that the same number, though occurring repeatedly, does not indicate
the same subclasses. Taking the wrongbelief stage, although nine subclasses
are shown thrice as operative, they differ in their nature. In one set of nine,
fear. and in the other disgust, operates along with other 8, and in the third
set of nine, passions of 3 kinds only operate along with both fear and disgust
to make up the nine subclasses.
ָ ָָ ־
ן l
־֤ ָ֤
֚֝ ll 481 ll
֤֙ ֤֤
֣ ם l
ۙ ֣֟Ѝ֤
ã֭ ll 481 ll
481. (In the first eight spiritual stages, we
have, respectively, one, six, eleven, eleven, eleven nine, and three, (sets of
operation places of ten, nine, eight, seven, six, five, and four subclasses of
Deluding Karma). (Each of) these
(has) twentyfour combinations. In the two places
(of 9th stage there are) twenty. four (in one), and eleven combinations (in the
other).
Commentary.
As shown in Table 17 there is only one operation
place of ten subclasses. There are six of 9 subclasses; eleven of eight,
eleven of seven, eleven of six, nine of five, three of four. Each of them has
got 24 combinations.
In order to understand the 24 combinations in
each of these operationplaces which are 1 + 6 + 11 + 11 + 11 + 9 + 3 = 52, in
the first 8 stages, let us take any two of them.
Take the 1st operative place of 10 subclasses in
wrongbelief stage. These can operate in 24 variations thus :
(1) Wrong belief, 4 kinds of anger, female sex,
laughter and indulgence, fear and disgust.
(2) Wrong belief, 4 kinds of anger, male sex,
laughter and indulgence, fear and disgust.
(3) Wrong belief, 4 kinds of anger, common sex,
laughter and indulgence, fear and disgust.
(4) Wrong belief, 4 kinds of anger, female sex,
sorrow and ennui, fear and disgust.
(5) Wrong belief, 4 kinds of anger, male sex,
sorrow and ennui, fear and disgust.
(6) Wrong belief, 4 kinds of anger, common sex,
sorrow and ennui, fear and disgust.
When we substitute pride, deceit, or greed for
anger we have 6 combinations in respect of each of the four passions. And thus
we have 24 combinations.
We have the same result by multiplying together,
wrong belief, by 4 passions, by3 sexes, by 2 pairs, of laughter and sorrow,
indulgence and ennui, by 1 pair off ear and disgust 1 x 4x 3 x 2 x 1 24.
Let us take another example, that of the
operation of 4 subclasses in the 8th stage.
(1)
Anger,
female sex, laughter and indulgence.
(2)
Anger,
male sex, laughter and indulgence.
(3)
Anger,
common sex, laughter and indulgence.
(4) Anger. female sex. sorrow and ennui.
(5) Anger. male sex. sorrow and ennui.
(6) Anger. common sex, sorrow and ennui.
Adding six combinations for each of the other 3
passions. Pride deceit and greed. we shall have 24 combinations. By
multiplication also we get. 4 passions x 3 sexes x 2 pairs of minor passions
=24.
We have 24 combinations in each of the 52 places.
in the eight stages. shown in Table 17. and worked out in detail below:
W = Wrong belief ... M = Mixed belief.
P = passions ... C1.= Clouded belief.
S = Sex.
Pr.= Pair of minor passions.
Serial number of places. 
Pleace of Subclasses. 
COMBINATION. 

Details. 
TOTAL 

(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) 
10 9 9 9 9 8 8 7 
1 w x 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. X 1 pair of fear and
disgust. 1 w x 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. X 1 fear. 1 w x 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. X 1 disgust. 1 w x 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. *1 w x 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. X 1 pair offer and
disgust. 1 w x 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. X 1 fear 1 w x 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. X 1 fear 1 w x 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. 
24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 
* In second kind of 4 groups without error
feeding passions.
II.
Downfall stage.
(9) (10) (11) (12) 
9 8 8 7 
4 p x 3 s x 2 pairs x 1 pair of fear and
disgust. 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. X 1 fear 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. X 1 disgust 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. 
24 24 24 24 
III. Mixed stage.
(13) (14) (15) (16) 
9 8 8 7 
1 m x 4 passions x 3s x 2 pr. X 1 pair fear and
disgust. 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. X 1 fear 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. X 1 disgust 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. 
24 24 24 24 
(17) (18) (19) (20) 
9 8 8 7 
1 cl. X 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. x 1 pair of fear and
disgust. 1 cl. X 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. x 1 fear 1 cl. X 4 p x 2 s x 2 pr. x 1 disgust 1 cl. X 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. 
24 24 24 24 
IV (b)
When free from clouded belief.
(21) (22) (23) (24) 
8 7 7 6 
4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. x 1 pair of fear and disgust. 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. x 1 fear 4 p x 3 s x 2 p x 1 disgust 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. 
24 24 24 24 
V (a)
PartialVow stage with clouded right belief..
(25) (26) (27) (28) 
8 7 7 6 
1 cl. x 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr x 1 pair of fear and
disgust. 1 cl. x 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. x 1 fear 1 cl. x 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. x 1 disgust 1 cl. x 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. 
24 24 24 24 
V (b)
When free from clouded belief.
(29) (30) (31) (32) 
7 6 6 5 
4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. x 1 pair of fear and disgust. 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. x 1 fear 4 p x 3 s x 2 p x 1 disgust 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. 
24 24 24 24 
VI (a)
Imperfect vow stage.
(33) (34) (35) (36) 
7 6 6 5 
1 cl. x 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. x 1 pair of fear and
disgust. 1 cl. x 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. + 1 fear 1 cl. x 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. x 1 disgust 1 cl. x 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. 
24 24 24 24 
VI (b)
When free from clouded right belief.
(37) (38) (39) (40) 
6 5 5 4 
4 p x 3 s x 2 p x 1 pair of fear and disgust. 4 p x 3 s x 2 p x 1 fear 4 p x 3 s x 2 p x 1 disgust 4 p x 3 s x 2 p. 
24 24 24 24 
VII
(a) Perfect vow stage with clouded right belief.
(41) (42) (43) (44) 
7 6 6 5 
1 c. x 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. x 1 pai of fear
anddisgust. 1 cl. x 4 p x 3 s x 2 p. x 1 fear 1 cl. x 4 p x 3 s x 2 p. x 1 disgust 1 cl. x 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. 
24 24 24 24 
VII
(b) When free from clouded right belief.
(45) (46) (47) (48) 
6 5 5 4 
4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. x 1 pair of fear and disgust. 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. x 1 fear 4 p x 3 s x 2 p x 1 disgust 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. 
24 24 24 24 
VIII.
Stage of new thought activity.
(49) (50) (51) (52) 
7 6 6 5 
4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. x 1 pair of fear and disgust. 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. x 1 fear 4 p x 3 s x 2 p x 1 disgust 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. 
24 24 24 24 
Thus we have 52 x 24 = 1248 combinations.
ֽ֝ ֲ֝Ӭ פ
l
֤֟Ӭֽ֝
֝ ll 482 ll
ã֭ : ֲ֭֘ ן
ָõ l
֟پֲ֭֬õ֭ ¾ ־֟
ãִ֭ ll 482 ll
482. In the two operationplaces of 2
(subclasses) (in the first part of the 9th stage where) five are bound, (and
in a part of the second part where) four are bound, there is (operation) of one
(of the last kind of passion, and of one of the sexes). In the remaining
(parts, there is one operation) place (of one subclass) only.
Commentary.
In verse 481, it was said that the operation
place of 2 subclasses in 9th stage has 24 combinations. There is operation of
the four passions and the three sexes in the first part of 9th stage (where 4
passions and 1 male sex are bound) and also, for some instants, in the second
part. (where only four passions are bound). Thus 4 x 8 +4 x 8=24. The operation
place of one subclass has 4 + 8 x 2+ 1=11 combinations as below :
(1) 4 combinations in the second part, where all 4
passions are operating.
(2) 3 in the 3rd part where 8 passions operate.
(3) 2 in the 4th part where 2 passions only
operate.
(4)
I in
the 5th part where only 1 passion is operating.
(5)
I in
the 10th stage where only one is operating.
םֵ֯֜ ךߝ
֬ l
֢ ӟ
פ֬ ll 483 ll
־ע֍˝֯ϣִ֟
֝֜áֵ: ֥ ֬ l
֟ ԭ: ֿ:
֤֬ ll 483 ll
483. Operationtime (or Udayaddha) of the common
and the female sex is the same beginning from the first (instant of the 9th
stage) of advancedthoughtactivity. After. wards beginning from operation time
of male sex etc., it iDcrea3es respectively by one AntaraMuhurta (at each step).
Commentary.
In the 9th stage there is operation of the
female, common, and male sexes, and of the four perfectconductpreventing
passions anger, pride, deceit and greed. They cease to operate one after
another in the order given above, until at the end of the 9th stage only slight
greed remains, with which the soul passes on to the 10^{th} stage.
The operationduration of the female sex is equal
to that of the common, and the one ceases to operate when the other does. Male
sex ceases to operate one Antar Muhurta after the cessation of operation of the
female and common sexes. Where male sex also ceases to operate, the four
passions only operate for one AntarMuhurta. When anger ceases to operate, the
other three operate for one AntarMuhurta. When Pride ceases to operate, the
remaining two continue to operate for one AntarMuhurta. When deceit also
ceases to operate, greed only operates for one more Muhurta.
It is obvious that the operation duration of
each, excepting the female and common, which two are of equal duration, and are
the first to cease to operate, exceeds that of the preceding by one Antar
Muhurta, the longest being that of greed.
ל Ӭ֝
־֤ۓ l
כ ֤۴
ֲӬה ll 484 ll
ֹ י ֵֿ֭
֤֯ۓע: l
י ہָ
ֲ֭ۓۢ: ll 484 ll
404 Ascending (from the 8th stage) with operation
of male sex, the ce3sation of(its) bondage and operation (is) simultaneous;
when ascending with operation of (either of) the other (sexes. cessation of the
bondage of male sex (is) in the last but one instant of the operation
(duration).
Commentary.
According to some Acharyas, cessation of the
bondage of male sex, when ascending with male sex operation is in the last but
one instant of its operation, while the cessation of its operation follows an
instant later.
ֲ֝Ӭ۴ ָ Ӑ ־
ֵ֛֯ l
ꈤ ֤Ӭ ָ ן Ӑ
ll 485 ll
ֲֿ֭֍ ֤ ֛ ,
֯ύ l
֟ԭ ֤ ־֟
֛ l 485 ll
486. During bondage of five (subclasses, 4
passions and male sex in the first part of the 9th stage, there is) operation
of only two subclasses (passion and sexes), and the combinations (are)
twelve; while in bondage place of (only) four (passions in a part of the second
part the (same) two operate, and the combinations are also twelve.
Commentary.
As anticipated in verse 482; the operation of 2
subclasses in part 1, and in portion of part 2 of the 9th stage, are clearly
described here. The combinations are 4x3+4 x 324,
õ ֝õ
ֵֻםֵ ۴ l
֤ן֤Ӑ
Ӑ ll 486 ll
õ ֭õ
ֵֻ־ע l
֟á֛: 斴 ־
֛: l 486 ll
488. In AdvancedThoughtActivity in the parts
where greed deceit; pride. and anger operate there are (respectively) four,
three, two, and one combinations. In slightest delusion (stage) there is only
one combination.
Commentary.
In verse 481, it was said that the operation
place of 2 subclasses in 9th stage bas 24 combinations. There is operation of
the four Passions and the three sexes in the first part of the 9th stage,
(where 4 Passions and 1 male sex are bound) and also, for some instants. in the
second part, (where only the four Passions are bound).
Thus 4 x S + 4 x 3=24. The operation place of one
subclass has 4 + 3 +211+1=11 combinations as below:
(1) 4 Combinations in the second part, where all
4 passions are operating.
(2) S in the Pard part, where 3 passions operate.
(3) 2 in the 4th part, where 2 passions only
operate.
(4) 1 in the 5th part. where only 1 passion is
operating.
(5) 1 in the 10th stage, where only one passion
is operating.
ָ ֵ֟ߤߚֵ֝֯֯
߾ l
֝פ֤ ֵכֵ֯
۴ ll 487 ll
ֿֿ֤֟֡ןã֍ן
߾: l
ֿ֘ןֿ֟ ֯֟׳:
ύן֍ꬑ ll 487 ll
437. During the stages (till 10th. there are)
twelve hundred and eightythree combinations, with reference to (operation)
places, and eightyfive bonded, and seven (8,507) combinations with reference
to their subclasses. Mundane souls are thus deluded.
commentary.
As shown in Table 17 under verse 479, we have 52
operation places. Adding one place of two subclasses during the first 8 stages
of the 9th stage, there are 53. Each has 24 combinations. Thus we have
5SX24=1272 combinations. Adding 11 of the 9th and the 10th stages, as shown in
the commentary, to verse 482, we have 1212+ 11=1283 combinations. Now with
reference to subclasses as . shown in table 17, under ve1l!e 479.
6 9 54
11 8 88
11 7 77
11 6 66
9 5 45
3 4 12
1 2 2
In each of the above places there are 24
variations, therefore there are 354 x 24=8496 combination. Adding the 11 of one
sub class. We have altogether 850; combinations as regards subclasses.
ָ ֤֓
ϯֹ l
֤֤ ָ ӓ
۴ ll 488 ll
֤֙
ֹ֯֓֟֯ l
֟پֿ֟ ֤
ֿ ô֭ ll 488 ll
־ֵ֢֢ ֵ֝֯
߾ l
אֵֵֻ֤֢֯כֵ֯
ֵ־ l 489 ll
־ֿ֟֯֯֟׳: ãֻ֭֍:
߾: l
֟ظ֤֭
֯֟ןֿ֟֯ύן֍: ֟־: ll 489 ll
488489. Non repeated (operation places are
respectively), one, six, eleven, ten, seven, four and one (of ten, nine, eight,
seven, six, five and four sub classes) See chart verse 4.79. These (forty
places) being multiplied by twentyfour combinations, (adding to them) twelve
(combinations) of two and five of one, (they aggregate to) Ninehundred seventy
seven. (40x24=960+17=977) Mundane souls are deluded by these combinations of (operation)
places. They Should be known to be sixtynine hundred and fortyone, with
reference to combinations of subclasses.
Commentary.
In the 52 places mentioned in the previous verse there are some which
have the same classes. These are called repeated . Ignoring thein. the
unrepeated places are only 40. These are. 1 of 10,6 of 9, 11 of S, 10 of 7
(seven sub. classes in the sixth and the seventh stage are the same, therefore
one of set of 7 has been left out), 7 of 6 (they are 11. But three sets of 6 in
the 6th and 7th and one in the 8th stages have the same subclasses. Four sets
of 6 are therefore left out of account), 4 of 5 (They are 9, but five are left
out as repeated, the same 5 as are in the 6th, being contained in the 7th and
8th), 1 of 4 (They are 3, but two are Dot counted, as the fourclasses in the
6th, are the same as in the 7th and 8th stage). Thus we have 40 x 24=960
combinations. In the 9th stage, operation place of 2 subclasses is counted
twice, thus leaving one as .. repeated, the remaining one place will have only
4 x 3=12 combinations.
In 9t.h and 10th stages, operation place of one
passion subclass has 11 combinations, but as, greed, deceit, and pride are
repeated thrice, twice, and once again, 6 combinations are left out. and we
have only five. The slightest greed in the 10th stage is also taken as
repeated, Thus there are 12 + 5+960 =977 combinations, as regards unreported
operation places.
Counting all the subclasses of these 977
combinations we have
1 of 10 = 10 subclasses.
6 of 9=54
11 of 8 = 88
10 of 7 = 70
7 of 6 =
42
4 of 5 = 20
1 of 4 = 4
288 subclasses.
And 288 x 24=6912 combinations. Adding 24 of both
the operation places of 2 in the 9th stage. and 5 operation places of one in
the 9th and 10th, we have 6912+24 + 5=6941 combinations.
Reference to Gatha 485 shows that there are 12
combinations in the first part. and 12 in a portion of the 2nd part of the 9th
stage. The subclasses though the same are not the same as regards the first
part, and the whole of the second part. Hence the operation of 12 in a portion
of the second part is not taken as a repetition.
ֽ֝ ֵ؛
ֈ֤֕֕ߍ 
֢ ֤ ֤ӏ
ֵכӏ ll 490 ll
ã֭ ύ؟
þ֍þ֍ֵֵפ׳: l
֟ ׯ֟ ֤Ӂ
ύןӏ ll 490 ll
490. Operation places and subclasses being
(respectively) multiplied by conscious attentiveness (Upyoga), vibratory activity
(yoga) etc., (a. e., by full control, Sanyama, or partial control, (Desha
Samyama), thought.paint, (Leshya). right belief, (Samyaktva), possible ill
their own respective (spiritual stages), the humbug of (all the operative)
places and the number of (all the) subclasses respectively is (found) by
adding together (the result of every one of these multiplications)
Commentary.
The operation of any subclass of deluding Karma
causes impurity in conscious attentiveness, souls vibratory activity. full
control. partial control, thoughtpaint and rightbelief. In every spiritual
stage, one or more of them are present along with the operation of deluding
Karma till the 10th stage. The learned Acharya wishes here to show their
combinations with reference to Deluding Karma,
״֓ ״ןֵ ִ֢֢ ו֝
֬ l
֝ ֢ ֕ ן
ll 491 ll
״֣ ״ֵ֡ ϴ֢֯֍ ו֭
֬ l
֘ ֙ ֯֟ פ ֓ ֵ
־֟ ll 491 ll
491. There are five (kinds of) consciousness
(Upyoga), in (each of) the two, wrong belief (and downfall stages); six in
(each of) the three, mixed, (vow less and partialvow stages); seven in (each
of) the seven (from) imperfect vow (to the 12th stage of delusionless); two in
the perfect soul arid the Same two in the liberated souls).
Commentary.
Consciousness is of 12 kinds. There are 8 kinds
of knowledge and 4 kinds of conation consciousness. Wrong belief. as well as.
downfall stage has wrong sensitive knowledge, and visual knowledge and ocular
and monocular conation i. e., five kinds of consciousness.
Third. fourth and fifth stages have, each six
kinds of consciousness i. e , right sensitive, spiritual and visual knowledge
and ocular, nonocular and visual conation. Stages from 7th to 12th have 7
kinds of consciousness i. e., mental knowledge Is added to the six aforesaid.
Vibrating and nonvibrating perfect souls in 13th and 14th stages and all the
liberated souls have only two kinds of consciousness, namely perfect knowledge
and perfect conation.
Now we shall find out the number of operation
places and subclasses, in each stage with reference to number of the kinds of
conscious attentiveness present. there.
See table No. 17 under verse 479. In the 1st
stage the1ENI~e ~\ operative places containing 10+9 r 9+ 8+ 9+ 8+ 8 r 7~68
subclasses, Multiplying the 8 places and the 68 subclasses, with 5 kinds of
attentiveness, we have 40 places and 340 subclasses.
It should be noted that in all stages till the
12th, one kind of consciousness works at one particular instant. A wrong
believer with sensitive knowledge will . not have the other 4 kinds of
attentiveness. Thus, along with sensitive knowledge he can have 8 operation
places with 68 subclasses in operation. With reference to all the five kinds
of consciousness at different instants, we have 40 operation places, and 340
subclasses.
Calculation with reference to other stages may be
similarly made. Deluding Karma operates from 1st to 10th stage only. The Table
below will show the number of places and subclasses till that stage.
Table No. 18 showing places and Subclasses
with reference to consciousness.
Stages 
I 
II 
III 
IV 
V 
VI 
VII 
VIII 
IXA 
IXA 
X 
Operative places 
8 
4 
4 
8 
8 
8 
8 
4 
1 
1 
1 
Subclasses 
68 
32 
32 
60 
52 
44 
44 
20 
2 
1 
1 
Consciousness 
5 
5 
6 
6 
6 
7 
7 
7 
7 
7 
7 
Places multiplied by Consciousness. 
40 
20 
24 
48 
48 
56 
56 
28 
7 
7 
7 
Subclasses multiplied by Consciousness. 
340 
160 
192 
360 
312 
308 
308 
140 
14 
7 
7 
־֝ֈפִִֵ֢֯֝
l
ֵ֝֯ ֝ ֕
ߵ ll 492 ll
־ פ״ֵ֝֝
ֵ֝ 
ֵ֛ߝ ֝ ֕
ߵ ll 493 ll
־֭־ןֿ֯֟֍֯á֯ϴִ֝õ
l
ã֭֍ ֭ ֵ
ߵõ ll 492 ll
ֿ֘֟á ֿןִۭ֟
֭֕ l
ύ߭ ֝ ֵ
ߵõ ll 493 ll
492.493. With )reference to conscious attentiveness, seven thousand, seven hundred and ninetynine operative places, in (various) combinations should be known 10 the deluding Karma. The number of subclasses (of) deluding Karma with reference to consciousness (in all combinations) should be known to be fifty. one thousand and eightythree.