Table No. 28, showing existence of sub-classes., of deluding Karma in destructive 9th Stage.

Stage

In those ascending with common Sex.

In those ascending with female Sex

In those ascending with male Sex.

IX.

Sub-classes in

Sub-classes in

Sub-classes in

Bondage.

Existence

Bondage

Existence

Bondage

Existence

Part (1)

5

21

5

21

5

21

(2)

5

13

5

13

5

13

(3)

5

13

5

12

5

13

(4)

4

13

4

12

5

12

(5)

4

11

4

11

5

11

(6)

4

4

4

4

4

4 OR 5

(7)

3

3

3

3

3

3

(8)

2

2

2

2

2

2

(9)

1

1

1

1

1

1

Commentary.

The above table shows the difference in the existence places of sub-classes of Deluding Karma in souls, ascending with one or the other of the three sexes. Souls ascending with common sex have existence of 13 even where 4 passions only are bound and there is operation of sex with passions; afterwards on cessation of opera­tion of sex, they have only 11 because female and common sex both are destroyed simultaneously. For a detail of the cessation of existence of sub-classes in nine parts of the 9th stage, See page 210, verses 338.339 of Karma Kanda, Part I, Vol. VI, of the Sacred Books of the Jainas.

But souls ascending with female sex have existence of 12 only in the part where 4 passions are bound and there is operation of sex, because common sex is already destroyed. A afterwards they also have 11 on destruction of female sex in the part where 4 passions are bound, and there is no operation of sex. Souls ascending with male sex gradually destroy common and female sexes, but they have bondage and operation of male sex till the time of its destruc­tion. Thus even when there is existence of 11 there is bondage of 6. Afterwards there is no bondage of male sex, but after destruc­tion of six minor passions, the matter of male sex remains in existence for a very short time, but it is soon exhausted. and so we have existence of 6 or 4 during the part where four only are bound.

Those which ascend with common and female sex simultaneously, destroying 7 minor passions, retain only 4 passiol1s, where 4 only are bound. Afterwards each of the three sorts of ascenders have 3, 2, and 1 passion in existence where the same numbers are bound respectively. In the beginning of the 9th stage each of the three has 21. When the 9 passions, are destroyed each of them has 13 in existence. It should be noted that as matter of male sex remain­ing in existence after its bondage-cessation, ceases to exist i. e. Sheds off with matter of anger during its destructive time, similarly matter of anger emailing in existence after its bondage-cessation sheds off with matter of pride in its destructive time. Such is the case with pride, deceit and greed also. Thus in the 9th stage we have existence places of 28, 24, and 21 in subsiden­tial1adder. and of 21, 13. 12. 11,5, 4, 3,2, and 1 i. e., 9 places in the destructive ladder. As place of 21 is common to both the sub-sidential and destructive ladder, we have 8+3 -11 places of existence in the 9th stage. In the 10th stage in sub-sidential ladder, there is existence of 28,24, and 21, but in the destructive ladder, only the slightest greed is in existence. In the 11th stage there is only the sub-sidential condition and we have existence of 28,24, and 21.

Table 119 showing number of existence place of Deluding Karma in the stage. till 11th.

Stage.

No. of places

Of how many sub-classes.

I

3

28, 27 and 26.

II

1

28.

III

2

28 and 24.

IV

5

28, 24, 23, 22 and 21.

V

5

28, 24, 23, 22 and 21.

VI

5

28, 24, 23, 22 and 21.

VII

5

28, 24, 23, 22 and 21.

VIII

3

28, 24, and 21

IX

11

28, 24, 21, 13, 12, 11, 5, 4, 3, 2 and 1.

X

4

28, 24 and 1.

XI

3

28, 24 and 21.

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516-617. When ,twenty-two {sub-classes of Deluding Karma are bound}, there are) three (existence) places in (the bondage place of) twenty-one there is only one of twenty­ eight Karmic Sub-classes; in bondage of seventeen, thirteen and nine. only five; in that of five sub-classes, six; in that of f.-r Sub-classes seven. In the remaining (bondage places) four (sentence-places should be known (in each). These existence ,laces (are stated) without taking into account the new matter rambling in existence for an Avali.

Commentary.

This verse gives the number of existence places of deluding sub-classes of Deluding Karma during their different bondage places. The following table will show this clearly.

Table 30 showing existence places with reference to Bondage places.

Stages.

Bondage places.

Existence places

I

22

28,27,26.

II

21

28.

III and IV

17

28,24,23,2,21.

V

13

28,24,23,2,21.

VI, VII & VIII

9

28,24,23,2,21.

IX (a)

5

28,24,21,13,12,11.

IX (b)

4

28,24,21,13,12,11,4.

IX (c)

3

28,24,21 and 3.

IX (d)

2

28,24,21 and 2.

IX (e)

1

98,24,21,1.

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518. Ten, nine, and fifteen places (respectively) of Bondage, Operation and Existence in sub-classes of Deluding Karma have 'been described; further on I shall relate about the Body-making Karma.

Commentary.

Bondage places are ten i. e., of 22,21,17, 13, 9, 6,4,3,2 and 1 sub-classes. Operation places are nine i. e., of 10,9,8,7,6, 6,4. 2, 1. Existence-places are fifteen i. e., of 28, 27, 26, 24, 23, 22, 21, 13, 12, 11, 6, 4, 3, 2, and 1.

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519-520. Developable hellish beings; the five immobile each, fine and gross, individual (vegetable), not-all-sensed (i. e., two to four sensed). irrational and rational (five-sensed sub-human), and human beings (these seventeen); develop­ able and .undeveloped ables; ordinary perfect souls (Samanya Kevali); Th-thinker perfect souls, both of them under (omniaeient) overflow, assimilative souls, and the celestials (these six) the developable these forty-one certainly (are) the grades of (mundane) souls (Jiva Pada).'

Commentary.

For the purpose of showing bondage of the classes of body­-making Karma in different variations, mundane souls are classified here in 41 grades as follows ;­

1. Developable hellish beings.

2. Earth-bodied gross immobile developable.

3. Earth-bodied gross immobile undevelopable.

4.- Earth-bodied fine immobile developable.

5. Earth-bodied fine immobile undevelopable.

6. Water-bodied gross immobile developable.

7. Water-bodied gross immobile undevelopable.

8, Water-bodied fine immobile developable.

9. Water bodied fine immobile undevelopable.

10. Fire-bodied gross immobile developable.

11. Fire. bodied gross immobile undevelopable.

12. Fire. bodied fine immobile developable.

13. Fire-bodied fine immobile undevelopable.

14. Air-bodied gross immobile developable.

15. Air-bodied gross immobile undevelopable.

16. Air-bodied fine immobile developable.

17. Air-bodied fine immobile undevelopable.

18. Common vegetable gross immobile developable.

19. Common vegetable gross immobile undevelopable.

20. Common vegetable fine immobile developable.

21. Common vegetable fine immobile undevelopable.

22. Individual vegetables developable.

23. Individual vegetables undevelopable.

24. Two-sensed developable.

25. Two-sensed undevelopable.

26. Three-sensed developable.

27. Three-sensed undevelopable.

28. Four-sensed developable.

29. Four-sensed undevelopable.

30. Five-sensed irrational sub-human developable.

31. Five-sensed irrational sub-human undevelopable.

32. Five-sensed rational sub-human developable.

33. Five-sensed rational sub-human undevelopable.

34. Human beings developable.

35. Human beings undevepable.

36. Ordinary Perfect Souls.

37. Tirthankara Perfect Souls.

38. Ordinary Perfect Souls under overflow.

39. Tirthankara Perfect Souls under overflow.

40. Assimilative souls.

41. Celestials.

It should be noted that No. I, and 36 to 41-these seven are developable, having operation of developable sub-class of Body-­making Karma. The rest 34 are both developable and undevelop­able. Those who have operation of developable Body-making Karma attain complete capacity of developableness within an Antar-Muhl1rta; while those under operation of undevelopable Body-making-Karma cannot attain capacity of developableness and die. Such undevelopable mundane souls have a life of IJ18th part of a pulse beat.

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621. (There are eight bondage places in Body-making Karma), of (1) twenty-three. (2) twenty-five, (8) twenty-six, (4) twenty-eight; (5) twenty-nine. (6) thirty, (7) thirty-one. and (8) One (sub-class). Bondage of one (sub-class only occurs) in both the ladders. .

Commentary.

There are 93 sub-classes of the Body-making Karma. out of which 5 molecular bondage, 5 intrusions anll16 colour etc., are not taken into account as being included in the others, only 67 sub­classes are to be considered. One soul at a time would not bind all the 67. It may bind 23, 25 26, 28, 29. :W, or 31, till the 6th. part of the 8th stage of New-thought-activity. Only one is bound from 7th part of the 8th stage to the end of 10th stage. There is no bondage in stages from 11th to 14th.

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522-523. (The first) place (of 23 is bound) with undevelopable (sub-class); (the second of 2S) with develop­able and (undevelopable both). the rest (six are bound) with developable only. (Bondage of 26 will occur) with any of the two hot-light or coldlight; (that of 28). with any of (two) celestial or hellish. (Bondage places of 29 and 80 are possible) with any of the three conditions of life excepting the hellish. (Similarly place-of 31 is possible) with celestial condition; (and that of 1). not along with any condition of existence. (Thus) mundane souls bind (these ,sub-classes) according to the thought activities. occasioning their (bondage).

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524. Hot-light (sob-class is bound only) with Earth. bodied gross developable (sub-e1asses). ~d-light (is bound) with any of the good sub-classes possible in sub-humans excepting the three fire etc., ( fire-bodied, air-bodied and common vegetable, either gross or fine, fine earth-bodied and water bodied may also be excepted).

Commentary.

26 sub-classes including either hot-light or cold-light will be bound with gross developable earth-bodied classes. 26 including cold-light only are bound with gross developable water bodied or developable individual vegetable Karmic class. Thirty including cold-light can be bound with any of two, three, four-sensed or irrational and rational five-sensed beings.

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526. Tirthankara (Karma is bound) along with human condition or celestial condition. Assimilative Karma as well as both the assimilative and Tirthankara Karma, (are bound) along with celestial condition, in the place of bondage, by vowful saints. (Any of the two) cannot be bound along with any other rendition.

Commentary.

Tirthankara sub-class of body-making Karma is a special good Karma. Any right-believing hellish or celestial being will bind it along with human condition of life; while any human being existing many of the four stages from Vowless right belief to the Perfect vow will bind it. along with celestial condition. The bondage place of the former is of 30 and' that of latter is of 29. A saint in Perfect vow or in the New-thought-activity stage. till its sixth part, will bind assimilative two, along with 30, or both assimilative and Tirthankara along with 31.

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526-528. Nine ever-binding Dhruva Bandba (sub­-classes) of the Body-making Karma, one of each of the (nine) pairs of Mobile etc., excepting (the pair) of voice, one of the (~) Conditions, (one) of the (5) Geniuses, one of the (3) Bodies, one of the (6) Figures and one of the (4) Migratory forms, (these twenty-three sub-classes) (are) general. Along with bondage of mobile only, anyone of the (6) Bones, and anyone of the (3) Limbs (is bound), while (along with bondage of mobile) developable only, one of the (two) voices, and one of the (two) Movements (is bound). It is also a rule that respiration and the other-destructive (Karma are bound) by all developable only. Hot-light, cold-light, Tirthankara and Assimilative (Karmas are bound) in their proper places (as has been said before).

Commentary.

The following are the twenty-three sub-classes of Body-making Karma, which are generally bound by all mundane souls.

9 Ever binding i. (j., Electric and Karmic bodies, Not-heavy light, Self-destructive, Formation, 4 Colour etc.

1 out of the pair, Mobile and Immobile.

1 out of the pair, Gross and Fine.

1 out of the pair Developable and Undevelopable.

1 out of the pair Individual and Common Vegetable.

1 out of the pair Steady and Unsteady.

1 out of the pair Beautiful and Ugly.

1 out of the pair Amiable and Unprepossessing.

1 out of the pair Impressive and Non-impressive.

1 out of the pair Fame and Notoriety.

1 out of the 4 Conditions of Life.

1 out of the 5 Kinds of Genus.

1 out of the 3 Kinds of Limbs or Bodies, Physical, Fluid and

Assimilative.

1 out of the 6 kinds of Figures.

1 out of the 4 kinds of Migratory forms.

______

23

Anyone of the 6 kinds of Bones and anyone of the 3 kinds of Limbs, are bound along with Bondage of Mobile, whether Develop. able or Non-developable. Anyone of the two voices, and anyone of the two Movements are bound along Mobile Developable. While Respiration and the Other-destructive Karma are bound by all Mobile and Immobile with Developable sub-classes only.

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529. The Assimilative two can be bound along with the Tirthankara (sub-class). (Thus) adding (these to twenty­-three) the number of places and sub-classes is obtained.

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530-531. (There is bondage-place of twenty-three in case of one sensed undevelopable; (that of twenty-five in case) of one-sensed developable, or two, or three, or-four or five (sensed sub-humans), or humans (all) developable; (that of twenty-six in case) of one-sensed developable; (that of twenty-eight along) with celestial or hellish condition; (that of twenty-nine along) with the developable two, or three, or four, or five-sensed sub-human), or human, or celestial conditions; (that of thirty along) with the same (taken) twice (with one variation) ; (that of thirty-one along) with celestial condition; and (that of one) not along with any condition (of existence). Such are the eight bondage places of the Body-making Karma.

Commentary.

There are eight bondage places as regards Body-making Karma as stated in Gatha 521. They are shown below along with their possible variations.

I. Bondage pace of 23 Sub-classes.-The 23 sub-classes will be :-The ever binding nine i. c., electric and Karmic bodies, Not­ heavy-light, Self-destructive, Formation and 4 Colour etc., (LO) Immobile, (11) Gross or tine, (12) Undevelopable (13) Individual or Common, (14) Steady or Unsteady. (15) Beautiful or Ugly, (L6) Amiable or Unprepossessing (17) Impressive or Non-impressive (18) Fame or Notoriety (19) Sub-human condition, (20) Physical body, (21) Sub-human migratory form. (22) one of 6 Figures, and (23) one-sensed Genus. They are detailed in Commentary under verse 526-528. This Bondage is possible along with bondage of one sensed undevelopable, immobile, sub-human condition. This Bond­ age place will hereafter be represented by 1. U.

II. Bondage place of 25 Sub-classes.-This has 6 variations. (a) Taken away the Undevelopable sub-class from the above 23, and add Developable, Respiration, and the Other-destructive. Such Bondage happens along with one-sensed developable sub-human. We shall call it I. D.

(b) Subtract from these 25. the five sub-classes, Immobile, Developable, One-sensed genus, Respiration and the Other-destruc­tive; and add the other five, Mobile, Undevelopable, Two-sensed Genus, Loosely-joined bones and Physica1limbs. This place of 25 is possible with Two-sensed Undevelopable. We shall call it II. U.

(c) In place of Two-sensed genus in the above 25, reckon Three­ sensed genus. This place of 25 occurs with Three-sensed Undevelop­able. We shall call it III. U.

(d) Similarly replace Three-sensed by Four-sensed genus, and we shall have a place of 25 with Four-sensed Undevelopable. We shall call it IV. U.

(e) Again replace Four-sensed by Five-sensed Genus. and we shall have a place of 25 with the Five-sensed Undevelopables. We shall call it V. U.

(f) Replace sub-human condition by human condition, and we have a place of 25 with Human Undevelopable. We shall call it. H. U. Thus we have six variations of 25 sub-classes. (1) 1. D. (2) II. U. (3) III. U. (4) IV. U. (5) V. U.~ (6) H. U. III. Bondage ­place of 26. This has 2 variations.

(a) In the above 25. replace the six sub-classes, Mobile and Undevelopable, Human condition. Five-sensed genes, and Loosely­ joined limbs, by the seven. Immobile Developable, Sub-human condition. One-sensed Genus, Respiration. the Other-Destructive, and Hot-light, This place of 26 is possible with One-sensed develop­able. with Hot-light. We Shane can it I. D. H. L.

(b) Substitute Hot-light in the above by Cold-light. This place of, 26 occurs with One. sensed with Cold-light. We shall call it I. D. C. I"

IV. Bondage place of 28. It has 2 variations.

(a) One such place consists of the 9 ever. binding, (10) Mobile, (11) Gross, (12) Developable. (13) Individual. (14) Steady or Unsteady; (15) Beautiful or Ugly, (16) Fame or notoriety, (17) Amiable, (18) Impressive, (19) Celestial condition. (20) Five-sensed genus, (21) Fluid body, (22) Fluid limbs. (23) Symmetrical figure; (24) Celestial Migratory form, (25) Sweet voice, (26) Graceful movement, (27) Recuperation, and (28) Other-destructive. This place is possible with bondage of Celestial condition. We shall can it C.

(b) It may consist of the 9 ever-binding. (10) Mobile, (11) Gross (12) Developable. (13) Individual. (14) Unsteady, (15) Ugly, (16) Unprepossessing, (L7) Non-impressive, (18) Notoriety, (19) Hellish condition, (20) Hellish migratory form. (21) Five-sense genus, (22) Fluid body, (23) Fluid limbs, (24) Disproportionate-­figure, (25) Harsh voice, (26) Awkward movement, (27) Respiration, (28) Other destructive. . These are possible with Hellish condition.

We shall call it N. .

V. Bondage-place of 29.' This has 6 variations­

(a) It consists of the 9 Ever-binding, (10) Mobile, (11) Gross, (12) Developable, (13) Individual, (U) Steady or Unsteady, (15) Beautiful or ugly, (16) Unprepossessing. (17) Non-impressive, (18) Fame or notoriety, (19) Sub-human condition. (20) Sub-human migratory form. (21) Two-sensed genus. (22) Physical-body. (23) Physical limbs. (24) Disproportionate figure, (25) Loosely-jointed bones. (26) Harsh voice. (27) Awkward movement. (28) Respiration, and (24) Other destructive. These 29 are bound with Developable two sensed. We shall call it II. D.

(b) Replace two-sensed genus by three-sensed genus, and we have a place of 29 which is bound with 3-sensed Developable. We shall call it, III. D.

(c) Substituting 3 sensed genus by 4 sensed genus. we. have a place of 29 with 4 sensed developable. We shall call it IV.D.

(d) It may also consist of the 90ver'binding, (10) Mobile. (11) Gross, (12) Developable. (13) Individual. (14) Steady or Unsteady. (15) Beautiful or ugly, (16) Amiable or unprepossessing. (17) Impressive or non-impressive. (18) Fame or notoriety. (19) One of the 6 figures. (20) One of the 6 Bones. (21) Sweet or harsh voice, (22) Graceful or awkward movement, (23) Sub-human condition. (24) Sub-human migratory form. (25) Five-sensed genus, (26) Physical body, (27) Physical limbs, (28) Respiration. and (29) Other-destructive. This place is possible with five-sensed sub­human developable. This we shall call V. D.

(e) Substitute in the above, Sub-human condition and migra­tory form by Human condition and Migratory form, and a place of 29 is possible with Human Developable. We shall call it H. D.

(f) It may also consist of the 9 Ever-binding, (10) Mobile. (It) Gross, (12) Developable. (13) Individual. (14) Steady or unsteady. (15) Beautiful or ugly, (16) Amiable. (17) Impressive, (18) Fame or notoriety, (9) Celestial condition. (20) Celestial migratory form (21) Five-sensed genus, (22) Fluid body, (23) Fluid limbs, (24) Symmetrical figure. (25) Sweet voice, (26) Graceful movement, (27) Respiration, (28) Other destructive, and (29) Tirthankara. This place is possible with Celestial condition and Tirthankara Karma. It is bound by human beings in stages from 4th to 7th. This we shall call C. T.

VI. Bondage-place of 30. It has 6 variations­

(a) Adding Cold-light to the place of 29, with Two-sensed developable. we have a place of 30. It is bound with Two-sensed Developable and Cold-light. We shall call it 11.- D. C. L.

(b) Substitute 3 sensed. in the above and we have a place of 30. It is bound with Three-sensed developable and Cold-light. We shall call it III. D. C. L.

(c) Similarly we have a place of 30, bound with 4-sensed De­velopable and Cold-light. We shall call IV. D. C. L.

(d) Similarly we have a place of 30, with 5-sensed Developable and Cold-light. We shall call it V. D. C. L.

(e) Adding 1 Tirthankara to the above with human, we have place of 30. bound with Human developable and Tirthankara Karma. by celestial or hellish beings. We shall call H. D. T.

(f) Replacing Tirthankara Karma in the place of 29 with celestial condition. and adding the assimilative two, we have a place of 30. It is bound with Celestial and Assimilative by a saint in the Perfect-Vow Stage. We shall call it C. A.

VII. Bondage of 31 H.

Having added the assimilative two to 29 with celestial, and Tirthankara. we have a place of 31. It is bound with Celestial. Tirthankara and Assimilative by a saint in the 7th stage. We shall call C. T. A.

VIII. Bondage of I.

Only fame Karma is bound in a saint from the 6th part of 8th stage to the 10th stage. We shall call it F.

Thus we have 8 places in 25 variations representing them as below :­

NOTE.-Here I. II. III, IV, V represent one to five-sensed beings-U=Undeve1opable, D-Developable. H. L. hot­light C. L. cold-light; C=Celestial; N-Hellish. ­Human; T=Tirthankara; A-Assimilative.


Table 31 showing 8 Bondage places with 25 variations.

Serial No.

Bondage places.

Number of Sub-classes

Notation.

Particulars.

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

(7)

(8)

(9)

(10)

(11)

(12)

(13)

(14)

(15)

(16)

(17)

(18)

(19)

(20)

(21)

(22)

(23)

(24)

(25)

I

II (a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

(f)

III (a)

(b)

IV (a)

(b)

V (a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

(f)

VI (a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

(f)

VII

VIII

23

25

25

25

25

25

25

26

26

28

28

29

29

29

29

29

29

30

30

30

30

30

30

31

1

I.U.

I.D.

II.U.

III.U.

IV.U.

V.U.

H.U.

I.D.H.L.

I.D.C.L.

C.

N.

II. D.

III. D.

IV. D.

V. D.

H. D.

C. T.

II.D.C.L.

III.D.C.L.

IV.D.C.L

V.D.C.L.

H.D.T.

C.A.

C.T.A.

F.

One sensed undevelopable.

" " Developable.

Two " undevelopable.

Three " "

Four " "

Five " "

Human "

One-sensed developable with hot-light.

" " " with cold-light.

Colestial condition.

Hellish "

Two-sensed Developable.

Three " "

Four " "

Five " "

Human "

Celestial with Tirthankara.

Two-sensed developable with hot-light.

Three " "

Four " "

Five " "

Human Developable with Tirthankara.

Celestial with Assimilative.

" Tirthankara and Assimilative.

Fame only.

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532. With reference to (six kinds of) Figures, (6 kinds of) Bones. the two Movements, and the last six pairs (of steady etc..) owing to (bondage with) the compatible one (in each set), (there are) (4608) combinations, in Bondage­places.

Commentary.

It is a rule that at a particular time anyone kind of the follow­ing sub-classes can be bound in a soul. (1) 6 Figures, (2) 6 Bones. (3) 2 Movements, (4) Sweet and harsh voice. (5) Steady and Unsteady, (6) Beautiful and ugly, (7) Amiable and unprepossessing, (8) Impres­sive and Non-impressive. (9) Fame and notoriety. Each sub-class in everyone of these groups can be bound along with the other in the other groups, in different variations. The total number of combinations will thus be 6 x 6)( 2 x 2x 2 x 2x 2 x 2 x 2x= 4608.

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533. In these (groups), (during bondage) with hellish condition. and with all Undevelopable (sub-classes). only one bad (sub-class) is bound. In the absence of (bondage of) others, (there is) only one combination (in each).

Commentary.

Referring to the table given under verse 531, we find that Serial No. 11, IV (b), 28, N. appertains to Bondage with hellish condition, and No.1. 23, I. U. and Nos. 3 to 7;n, 25, 2 D. to H. U. belong to Bondage along with undevelopable sub-class. Bondage of bad sub-classes only of fight etc.. will happen there.' For example there will be Bondage 'of is proportionate figure. Awkward movement. unsteady etc., with hellish condition. Similarly in case of bondage of 23 and 25 with undevelopable sub-c188!lo only the bad sub-classes and not the good ones in the groups will be bound.. ­

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534. Along with (bondage .of) Cornmeal. gross (vegetable and). all the fine ones. with Developable; (all) the bad (sub­classes) are bound; but in the (bondage .of) anyone of the pairs of steady (and unsteady) and, Beautiful (and ugly). (there will be) four combinations.

Commentary.

Referring to table No. 31. under verse 531. No.2. 25, [. D.. will have four combinations in case of bondage of any of the two Steady and unsteady, or Beautiful and ugly. This will be so in case of bondage with the Developable, Common, Gross, Vegetable and with all the five kinds of Fine Developable, earth, etc.

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536. (In Bondage place) with Earth. Water. Fire, Air, Individual (vegetable). Not all (sensed) and Irrational (five-­sensed), (there are) certainly eight combinations with (reference to bondage of) good or bad (ones) in the pairs of Steady, Beautiful. and Fame. ­

Commentary.

There will be eight combinations in cases of bondage of - one of. the two in the 3 parts of Steady and unsteady, Beautiful and ugly. and Fame and notoriety, in the following places :- ­

Serial No.

Number of Sub-classes

Notation.

Particulars.

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

(7)

(8)

(9)

(10)

(11)

(12)

(13)

(14)

(15)

(16)

(17)

25

26

26

25

26

25

25

25

26

29

30

29

30

29

30

29

30

I.U.

I.D.

II.U.

III.U.

IV.U.

V.U.

H.U.

I.D.H.L.

I.D.C.L.

C.

N.

II. D.

III. D.

IV. D.

V. D.

H. D.

C. T.

With developable gross earth.

" " " "

" " " "

" " " Water.

" " " "

" " " Fire.

" " " Air.

" " Individual Vegetable

" " " "

" Two sensed Developable.

" " " "

" Three " "

" " " "

" Four " "

" " " "

" Five " " Irrational.

" " " "

Each of these seventeen has 8 combinations.

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536. In the stage of Wrong belief. (in bondage places) with the rational (sub-human) or human (there are) forty-six hundred and eight combinations with reference to (bondage of) one of each (of the groups and sub-classes); but in the second (stage, there are) thirty-two hundred.

Commentary.

Referring to verse 532, we find that nine groups binding in Val - ways produce 4608 combinations. They will comprise of 6 '4Pres X 6 bones X 2 movements x 2 steady etc., x 2 beautiful et t., x 2 amiable etc., X 2 impressive etc., x 2 voice x 2 fame etc., :=& 4608. All these are possible with the following:­-

I. During wrong belief stage.

(1) 29,6, D., with Developable, rational sub. human.

(2) 30, 6, D. H. C. L." " "

(3) 29, H. D., with developable human.

Each of three has 4608 divisions.

II. During downfall stage in the above 3 places of bondage, there will be only 3200 combinations, in case of bondage of anyone of the following :­

5 Figures (leaving the last) x the 5 Bones (leaving the last) x the 2 Movements x the 2 Steady unsteady 2 X Beautiful and ugly X 2 Amiable and unprepossessing x 2 impressive and unimpressive 2 sweet and harsh voice x 2 Fame and Notoriety. 5X5X2X2X2x2x2X2x2=3200.

__________________________

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537. During the Mixed and Vowless (stages in the bondage) place with Human (condition). in (stages) beginning from Wrong. belief (to Vow less) in (bondage) place with celestial (condition), and (in stages) upto the Imperfect vow (i.e., in the 5th and 6th, there is bondage of) good (sub-classes,) (excepting those of the) pairs of Steady and (unsteady). Beautiful (and ugly), and Fame (and notoriety). (Each has) only eight combinations.

Commentary.

I n the places described below there is bondage of good Figure Bone, Movement, Voice etc. Anyone of the two in the three pairs:-Steady-unsteady, Beautiful-ugly and Fame notoriety may be bound, and on account of this variation, we shall have 2 x 2 x 2 = eight combinations in each of the folio wing cases:-­

Verses 95-96 (page 45, Karma. Kanda Vol. VI, S.B.J.) show that generally. there is no bondage of the 5 lower Figures, and the 5 lower Bones, Awkward-movement. Harsh-voice, Un-prepossessing, and Unimpressive. beyond the downfall stage.

I. Hellish and Celestial beings in Vow less stage will bind the bondage place of 29 H.D., with Human Developable and the place of 29.H.D.T., with Human Developable and Tirthankara. while in the Mixed stage 29.H.D. only.

II. Souls in stages from Wrong belief to Vowless, bind 28.C, with Celestial condition. In Vow less stage, they may also bind 29 CT, with Celestial and Tirthankara and in Partial vow or Imperfect vow, they bind 28 C. or 29 C. T.

Beyond the 6th stage there is no bondage of any bad class. Even Unsteady, Ugly and Notoriety can be bound till the 6th, and no further. Therefore only one division is possible in each of the bond8ge'plaaes shown below from seventh to 10th stage, beyond which there is no bondage of Body-making Karma.

In each of the 7th and 8th Stages there are Bondage places at 28.C with Celestial, 29.CT with Celestial and Tirthankara, 80.C.A with Celestial Assimilative and 8I.C.T.A., with Celestial, Tirthankara and Assimilative.

But from the last part of the 8th stage to the last moment of the 10th, there is bondage of one, the Fame sub-class only.

All the places and combinations in bondage of Body-making Karma are shown in a tabular form below:­

Table 32, showing Bondage places and Combinations with reference to Spiritual stages, in Body-making Karma.

Stages.

Place showing number of sub-classes bound.

Combinations.

Remarks.

I

II

III

IV

V

VI

VII

VIII

IX

X

Wrong belief

Down fall

Mixed

Vowless

Partialvow

Perfectvow

Perfectvow

New thought activity

Advanced thought activity

Slight delusion

23

25

26

28

29

30

28

29

30

28

29

28

29

30

28

29

28

29

28

29

30

31

28

29

30

31

1

1

1

1

9

8

9

9216

4608

8

6400

3200

8

8

8

16

8

8

8

8

8

1 for 28 C

1 for 28

1for30ct

1 for 31 CTA

1for28c

1 for 29 ct

1 for 30 CA

1 for 31

CTA

1 fo fame

1

1

Because only bad classes are bound

8 for 25 I.D. on account of variations are regards the 3 pairs of Steady-Unsteady, Beautiful ugly, an Fame-notoriety i.e. 2x2x2=8

1 for 25 II U to 25 H. U. because only disagreeale classes out of 3 pairs ae bound, vide verses 533-534.

The four combinations given in verse 534 are included in the 8 for 25 I. D.

26 I.D.H.L. and 26 I.D.C.L. like 25 I. D. See verse 535.

8 for 28. C. see verse 537 owing to variations like 25 I.D.

1 for 28 N. See verse 533, as only the disagreeable ones out of the 3 pairs are bound.

4608 for 29 V. D, and 4608 for 29 H. D. Vide verse 536.

6Figx6 Bones x 2 Movements x 2 Beautiful-ugly x 2 Steady Unsteady etc., x 2 Amiable or reverse x 2 Impressive or reverse x 2 voice Sweet or harsh x 2 Fame or reverse. = 4608. They ae bound both with Sub-human Rationals and Humans. 8 combinations for each of 29 II. D. 29 III D. 29 IV D, like 25 I D. are included in 4608 for sub-Humans.

For 30 V D C L. like 29 II D above. They include 8 combinations each for 30 II D C. L, 30 III D C.L, 30 IV D. C.L, as in cae of 25 I. D.

For 28 C as above, see V. 537.

3200 for each 29 V. D. and 29 HD. See verse 536.

Owing to variations in 5 Fig x 5 Bones x 2 Movements x 2 Steady or reverse x 2 Beautiful or reverse x 2 Amiable or reverse x 2 Impressive or reverse, x 2 Sweet or harsh voice x 2 Fame or reverse, = 3200

For 30 V.D.C.L. like the above 27 V.D.

For 28 C see verse 537, like 25 I.D.

For 29 H. D. see verse 537, like 25 I.D.

For 28 C, like the above.

8 each for 29 H.D. and 29 C. T. See verse 537 as above.

For 30 H.D.T See verse 537.

For 28 c

For 29 C. T. as above.

For 28 C.

For 29 C. T. as above.

See verse 537 because only the Agreeable classes are bound.

Ditto.

Fame only.

See verse 537,

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538. Transmigration of hellish beings (is possible) as rational developable sub-humans of work (region), but not as Tirthankara from the last four (hells); while those of the seventh (hell are born) as sub-humans only.

Commentary.

This verse describes the condition of existence, in. which, souls in hell can take their birth after cessation of their hellish age-Karma. Generally they take birth in work region of the middle universe as rational developable sub-humans or humans.

Beings of the seventh hell are born as rational developable sub-­humans only.

Hellish beings cannot be born as Chakravarti, Balbhadra, Narayana, and Pratinarayana. Beings from the first three hells can be born direct as Tirthankaras.

Beings from the first four hells can be born as humans capable of attaining liberation from the sam3 life, those of the first five are born as humans capable of adopting vows of a saint. Those of the first six may become partial-vowels in human and sub-human lives.

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539. (A soul) born in that (seventh hell), having acquired the vowless and mixed stages, binds as a rule, the two, human (condition and migratory form) and high (family Karma). Such (souls) advanced to these stages (come) down to Wrong (belief stage before) they die­.

Commentary.

Only wrong believers go to the 7th hell. There also, some of them acquire Right belief, 01' descending from it acquire Mixed belief. During the 3rd and 4th stags they will bind Human condition and Human migratory form and High family, but will not be born as humans. At moment of death. their thought activities become degraded, they come down to Wrong. belief stage and are born as " Rational sub-humans in Work. region.

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540. The two fire (and air bodied souls transmigrate) into (any of ) sub-humans; the rest, (developable and) undevelopable, one(..sensed) and not a II (sensed sub-humans are born) in those (viz. Sub-humans) and also in humans, but not as Tirthankara. Similarly the irrational (five sensed can take birth in sub-humans and humans) as well as in Gharma. (the first hell) and in the two celestials (Residential and Peripatetic.)

Commentary.

All the gross, or fine; developable or undevelopable; fire and air ­bodied souls after death can take birth as sub-human only, as gross or fine, developable or undevelopable earth, water, fire, air, common vegetable, individual vegetable, two, three, four, "five sensed, irrational and rat1onals, but not in enjoyment region as five-sensed sub-humans. The rest i.e. gross or fine, developable or undevelopable. earth-bodied, or water bodied. comq1on vegetable host souled, whether Nitya Nigoda or Itara Nigoda, individual souled­0 vegetables, whether host-individual soiled. two. three. four, sensed . sub-humans. All these can take birth in all the sub-humans, as above, where fire-bodied. air-bodied b9ings born. as are well as in humans. but not as 63 great personages. Fine host-soiled-vegetable, however, on being born as human, cannot become a saint, but can have Right belief and can adopt Partial vows of a house-holder. Five-sensed irrationally can take birth in any sub-human and human condition like an earth bodied soul. They can also go to first hell and can be celestials in residential or peripatetic groups.

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541, The 'rational (sub-humans can take birth) like (the irrationals), and also in the remaining (six) hells, in enjoyment (regions), and (as celestials) upto the Achyuta (or 16th heaven). Humans 'go to (all) the four conditions and also to the place of the Liberated.

Commentary.

All the rational sub-humans can be born in all the conditions in which the irrationals take birth. They can also go to any of the seven hells, to enjoyment region; and also attain the celestial con. diction upto the 16th heaven.

The Developable humans of Work-region can take birth' in all' the e39nditions like, the Rational sub-humans, They can even go above the 16th heaven upto Sarvartha Siddhi. Those ,men who destroy all their Karmas can become liberated. Uridey" operable' humans can take birth as any sub-humans of Work region" or, in any, condition of humans, excepting the 63 great men; 411 the sub­humans and humans of the enjoyment region are born as celestials. If they are Right believers, they will take birth in Saudharma and Ichida heavens. If they are wrong believers or in the downfall stage, they will be Residential. Stellars or Peripatetic.

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542-543. (Saints) with Assimilative body (are born celestials (in heavens). Transmigration of celestials (is posit) as rational sub-humans and humans of work region (generally), and also as gross, developable individual vegetables and in earth and water bodied (conditions); same (is the case with) the, three, Residentials (Stellars and Peripatetic); but if born as humitts (they will) not (be) Tirthankar (or any of the 63 personages). (heavenly celestials) till is hana (are born 1ikeothers) as' one sensed (also), but those (from 3rd) ".upto the end, the satara (11th and Sahasrara the 12th can' be born) as Rational (but not irrational sub-humans.

Commentary.

Saints in the 6th stage of Imperfect vows with Assimilative body, on. their death are born as heavenly celestials only. As a general rule all celestials upto those of the last heaven, Sarvilrtha Siddhi, on their death take birth as humans of Work-region, but celestials till the 12th heaven including the Residential, Stellars and Peripatetic may also be born as Rational sub-humans, of Work. region; and celestials till the 2nd heaven including the Residentials, Stellars and Peripatetic may take birth even in gross, Developable Individual, Vegetable, earth-bodied, .and water bodied conditions. It is worthy of note that Residentials, Stellars, and Peripatetics are not born as 63 great men, or as Tirthankaras.

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544. Bondage places of Body making (Karma) during hellish and (sub-human, human and celestial conditions) (are respectively) of twenty nine, and thirty (sub-classes); the first six; 301\; and those or twenty five, twenty-six, twenty nine and thirty (Sub-classes).

Commentary.

Here the bondage places of Body-making Karma are described with reference to Conditions of existence.

There are two Bondage-places those, of 29 and 3D, in hellish condition. Upto the third-hell Megha, a soul can bind 30 (H. D. T.) Human, Developable with Tirthankara. Up to the 6th hell, Maghawi, it can bind' 29 (V. D.) five-sensed Developable sub-humans, or 29 (H. D.) human developable, and upto the 7th hell, Maghawi, 29 (V. D,) five-sensed developable sub-human, or 30 (Y. D. c. L.) five sensed developable sub-human with cold-light. Thus souls trans­migrating from the first, second or third hells can be born as Tirthankara; from hells down to the 6th, as humans, and from hells down to the 7th, as five-sensed sub-humans. Four spiritual stages are possible in Hellish condition, and with reference to Stages the bondage will be as below:­

I stage 29, II. D. or 29, H. D. or 30, V. D. C. L.

II " ""

III " 29, H. D.

IV " 29, H. D. or 30, H. D. T.

In sub-human condition, the bondage-places are of 23.25, 26, 28, 29, 30 sub-classes in the following variations.

(I) '23, I. U. one-sensed undevelopable, with gross or

fine sub-class.

(2) 25, I. D. one-sensed developable, with gross or fine.

(3) 25, II. U. two-sensed undevelopable.

(4) 2fi. III. U. three-sensed

(5) 25, IV. U. four-sensed

(6) 25, V. U. five-sensed sub-human.

(7) 25, H. U. human

(8) 26, I D. H. L one sensed developable with hot-light

as earth bodied soul.

(9) 26, I. D. C. L one-sensed developable with cold light

as earth, water, & individual vegetable.

(10) 2 B, C. Celestial

(11) 2B, N. Hellish

(12) 29, II. D. Two-sensed developable

(13) 29, III. D. Three sensed

(14) 29, IV. D. Four sensed

(15) 29, V. D. Five-sensed

(16) 29, H. D. Human

(17) 30, 11. D. C. L. Two-sensed developable with cold-light.

(18) 30, III. D. C. L. Three-sensed

(19) 3D. IV. D. C. L. Four-sensed

(20) 30, v. D. C. L. Five-sensed

Undevelopable sub-humans living for 1/1 8th part of a pulse beat; and dying without acquiring the capacity of full Development can also bind all except the two of 2B i.e. 2B. C, and 2B, N. Thus it will be seen that sub-human can bind 20 out of the 215 variations shown in Table 31. The five variations which they do not bind are (17) 29 C.T. (22) 30 H. D. T. ('23) 30 c. A, (24) 31 c. T. A, and (25) I. F.

As regards Spiritual, stages, five of them are possible in five-sensed rationales. The others can have only two, Wrong-belief and Downfall. Right-be-livers and those with Partial vows will bind only 28 C.

In Human condition. all the 8 bondage places (verse 521) with 25 variations are possible. Humans can thus acquire the highest or the lowest position according to their thought-activities.

The celestials have the following places of bondage.

(1) 25 I. D. (2) 26 I. D. H. L (3) 26 1. D. C. L. (4) 29, 5 D. (5) 29 H. D. (6) 30, V D. C. L. (7) 30 H. D. T.

The first four spiritual stages are possible to them. Right believers among them will bind 29, H. D. and an, H.D. T. only. Celestials in other stages will nut bind 30 H D.T.

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545. All (the 8 bondage-places are possible) 3.mong five-sensed beings; and among the mobiles, the first six excepting that of twenty­ eight, among the rest (i.e.. one to four-sensed and the five Immo-­biles). All bondage places are possible, among beings with four kinds of mind and speech (vibrations), and with physical (vibrations); (only four are possible) in (those with) the two, fluid (and fluid mixed vibrations) like the celestials.

Commentary.

With reference to the Senses, all the 8 bondage-plaoes are possi­ble with the five-sensed, but only five viz those of 23.- 25, 26, 29 and 30 sub-classes among one to four-sensed beings. With reference to embodiment all the 8 are possible among mobiles, but the 5 kinds of immobile have only the above five bondage-places. With reference to vibrations, beings with four kinds of speech and mind and with physical vibrations have al1 the 8 bondage-places. Beings with fluid and fluid-mixed vibrations have four places of 25,26. 29, 30 like those in the celestial condition.

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546. (There are) two (bondage-places) of twenty-eight (and twenty nine) sub-classes among (saints with vibrations of) assimilative two (assimilative and assimilative mixed). the first six among the remaining two vibrations (i.e., physical mixed, and Karmic); all (of them) in sex and passion (soul quests); the first six among (three kinds of) wrong knowledge.