The Categories of Jain Ascetics
110. There are two types of ascetics in Jainism: Sravakas and Munis. With the
sole intention of achieving the purified state of soul, Jainism prescribes some
fundamental spiritual disciplines and practices. They can be observed partially
and totally. Partial observation is prescribed for the householder (Sravaka), as
he is unable to desist from all sins completely whereas an ascetic Muni is
expected to observe the code of conduct totally as he practically does not stay
at tome. He observes vows completely (Mahavrati) and is free from sting, the
main root of pain and emotion arising from Karmas. Sting is of three kinds, viz.
i) Deceit termed as Maya, ii) desire for enjoyment termed as Nidana, and iii)
perverse attitude termed as Mithyadarsana. The practice of asceticism with
vigilance dispels sufferings and strings just as an excellent specific herb
removes disease. Jainism lays greater emphasis on asceticism and so naturally
there is more discussion on their conduct is found in literature.