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GUIDLINES OF JAINISM

Bhadrabahu Vijay

Some minor and major austerities for daily practice

Tapascharya or austerity is the name given to those spiritual activities that help us to gain spiritual ends; and to turn away all sins by means of sacrificing bodily pleasures and comforts and by means of disciplining our passions and pleasures.

The Jain religion gives prominence to renunciation. It gives more importance to mental evelopment and spiritual development than to the comforts of the body. Of course, if we carry out austerities the body may become a little weak; it may become enfeebled and it may become withered but the mind becomes fresh and alert. The beauty of the soul becomes greater. Therefore, the Jain religion has prescribed many austerities which every individual can practise them according to his ability, health and desire.

Navkarshi

One must take food or water only after reciting 3 Navakars, 40 minutes after the sun rise. Even thebrushing of teeth and rinsing the mouth must be done afterwards.

Porasi

Taking food or water only 3 hours after the sunrise

Sadh-porasi

Taking food, water etc. only 4 hours and 30 minutes after the sun rise.

Purimuddh

Taking food and water six hours after the sunrise,

Avadhdh

Taking food and water eight hours after the sunrise.

Biyasan

One must take food only twice a day while sitting in one place.

Ekasan

One must take food only once a day at one sitting.

(In Biyasan and Ekasan one should not eat Sachitt that is raw vegetables, raw grains etc,.)

Ayambil

Eating food which is devoid of any special taste and spices; which is only boiled or cooked; and eating such food only once a day at one sitting only. Milk, curds, ghee, oil and green and raw vegetables should not be used in this austerity.

Upavas (Total fasting)

One should not take any food during the day and the night. One only takes boiled water during daytime while sun is up is called Tivihar Upavas; and when even water is not taken, is called Chauvihar Upavas.