GLOSSARY


Aacharang: Name of the first Jain Aagama

Aagama: Jain scripture

Aavashyak Sutra: Name of an auxiliary essential scripture

Aayu: Life span

Achakshudarshan: Perception beyond eyesight

Adharma: Absence of religion; One of the six basic substances

Adharmastikaya: One of the six basic substances

Age regression: Reverting to earlier behavior pattern

Aghatiya: Karma that does not hurt soul

Ajiva: Lifeless

Ajnan: Ignorance

Akam Nirjara: Unplanned dripping of Karma

Akash: Space

Akashastikaya: Space

Akendriya: One sensed bodies

Alokakash: Empty space

Anand: Bliss, pleasure

Anantanubandhi: Bondage of apparently endless duration

Anant Chatushthaya: Infinite knowledge, perception, action and vigor

Anashan: Not to eat

Anekanta Vad: Multiplicity of view points

Anga: Part; any of the first 12 Aagamas

Anivratti Badar: 9th stage of elevation

Antahkrit Kevali: One attaining omniscience and liberation simultaneously

Antaraya: Obstructing Karmas; obstruction

Anubhag: Intensity

Anubhav: Intensity

Anuvrata: Minor restraint

Apkaya: Hydraulic bodies

Apramatta Virat: Restraint without indolence; 7th stage of elevation

Apratyakhyanavaraniya: Defilements uncontrollable by vows

Apurvakaran: Unprecedented performance; 8th stage of

elevation

Arihant: One who has overcome internal enemies; Omniscient

Ashan: Eating

Ashatavedaniya: Situations bearable with pain

Ashrav: Inflow of Karma

Ashta Karma: Eight types of Karmas

Ashubha: Unwholesome

Asrav: Inflow of Karma

Astikaya: What occupies more than one Pradesh

Atma: Soul

Avadhidarshan: Limited extrasensory perception

Avadhijnana: Limited extrasensory knowledge

Aversion: Resentment

Avirat(i) Samyag: Right perception without restraint; 4th stage of elevation

Ayogi Kevali: Unembodied omniscient; 14th stage of elevation

Bandha: Bondage

Bhagavati Sutra: Name of an original Aagama

Bhogantaraya: Karma that obstructs utilization of consumables

Brahma: Soul

Buddhism: Religion of Lord Buddha

Chaitanya: Consciousness

Chaityavasi: Renegade monks who used to live in temples

Chakshudarshan: Perception with eyes

Charitra: Behavior; conduct; practice

Charitra Mohaniya: Karma causing deluded behavior

Chaturendriya: Four sensed beings

Chhakaya: Sixfold division of all beings

Chhed Sutra: Name given to a class of subsidiary Aagamas

Chidanand: Blissful consciousness

Chit: Consciousness

Craving: Longing

Danantaraya: Karma that obstructs charity

Darshan Mohaniya: Karma causing deluded perception

Dashavaikalik: Name of a prominent auxiliary Aagama

Defiling: One that spoils or pollutes

Desh Virati: Partly restrained; 5th stage of elevation

Dhammo: Religion

Dharma: Religion; one of the six basic substances

Dharmastikaya: One of the six basic substances

Digambar: Without clothes; name of a Jain sect

Discretion: Exercising wisdom

Drashta: Viewer

Dravya: Substance

Dravyarthic Naya: Substantial viewpoint

Dwadashangi: Collective term for 12 Angas

Dweendriya: Two sensed beings

Dwitiya: Second

Ekanta: Singular or one-sided view point

Embodiment: Having physical body

Ephemeral: Temporary; transitory

Equanimity: Perfect balance of mind

Eternal: Everlasting

Ganadhar: Principal disciple of Tirthankara

Gati: State of (Divine,human, animal or infernal) existence

Geeta: Name of the Hindu scripture

Ghatiya: Karma that hurts nature of soul

Gotra: Type of family

Guna: Characteristic; property

Gunasthanak: Stage of elevation

Gunavrat: Helpful restraint

Heya: What is to be avoided

Infernal: Pertaining to hell

Ishwar: Endowed with esteemable attributes

Jada: Lifeless

Jainism: Religion propounded by omniscients

Jiva: Living being; soul

Jivastikaya: Soul

Jnana: Knowledge; enlightenment

Jnanavaraniya: Knowledge obscuring Karma

Jnata: One who knows

Jneya: What is to be known

Kaal: Time

Karma: Impact of one’s action on Self

Karmabandha: Bondage of Karma

Karmayoga: Dispassionate activity

Kashaya: Defilement

Keval Darshan: Omniperception

Keval Jnana: Omniscience

Knowability: Capacity to know

Kshamashraman: Forgiving saint

Koham: Who am I?

Krodh: Anger; enragement

Kshina Moha: Devoid of delusion; 12th stage of elevation

Labhantaraya: Karma that obstructs gain

Layman: House holder

Liberation: Ultimate salvation

Lokakash: Space that accommodates six Dravyas

Lobha: Greediness, covetousness

Maan: Ego; arrogance; vanity

Magadha: Present State of Bihar and adjoining territory

Mahabharat: Name of ancient Indian epic

Manahparyav Jnana: Capacity to read mind

Manahparyay Jnana: Capacity to read mind

Mati Jnana: Intellectual knowledge; intelligence

Maya: Deception; attachment

Mirage: Illusion of water

Mishra: Right and wrong perception mixed; 3rd stage of elevation

Mithyatva: Wrong perception and belief; 1st stage of elevation

Mohaniya: Delusive

Moksha: Liberation; salvation

Mokshamarg: Path of liberation

Muhurta: 48 minutes

Mukti: Liberation; emancipation

Mul Sutra: Name given to a class of auxiliary scriptures

Naam Karma: Physique determining Karma

Nav Tattva: Nine fundamentals

Naya: View point

Neti: Not this, not that etc.

Nikachit: Indelible

Nirjara: Shaking off or dripping of Karmas

Nishkam: Desireless

Omnipercipient: One who can perceive everything

Omnipotent: All powerful

Omniscience: Knowledge of every thing

Omniscient: One who knows every thing; Kevali

Operative: In force

Paap: Sin

Panchachar Sutra: Text dealing with fivefold code

Panchendriya: Five sensed beings

Pandavas: Sons of Pandu; five main characters of Mahabharat

Paapanubandhi Paap: Unwholesome Karmas leading to new unwholesome Karmas

Paapanubandhi Punya: Wholesome karmas leading to unwholesome ones

Paramanu: Infinitesimally minute particles of Pudgal

Paramatma: Supreme entity

Parochialism: Narrowness of mind or thought

Parshwa tradition: Tradition of Lord Parshwanath

Paryaya: Changing states

Paryayarthic Naya: View point that considers changing states

Paushadha: Practising the life of a monk

Phobia: Irrational persisting fear

Pradesh: Infinitesimal area

Prakriti: Type

Prarabdha: Destiny determined by previous Karma

Pramad: Indolence; care free attitude

Pramatta Virati: Restraint subject to indolence

Pratham: First

Pratykhyanavaraniya: What can be avoided by taking vows

Prithwikaya: Earth bodies

Pudgal: Lifeless matter with form etc.

Pudgalastikaya: Lifeless matter with form etc.

Punya: Meritorious activity

Punyanubandhi Paap: Unwholesome Karma motivating wholesome ones

Punyanubandhi Punya: Wholesome Karma motivating wholesome ones

Purush: Embodied person or entity

Purusharth: Hard endeavor

Reincarnation: Rebirth

Ruchak Pradesh: Region of soul not subject to bondage

Sagaropam: Comparable to ocean, inconceivably long period

Sahajanand: Bliss at ease

Sahavo: Nature; property

Sakam Nirjara: Planned eradication of Karma

Salvation: Liberation

Samaya: Infinitesimal part of a second

Samayasar: Name of a well known book by Kundkundacharya

Samvar: Prevention

Samavayang: Name of an original Aagama

Samyag Darshan: Right perception

Samyag Jnana: Right knowledge; enlightenment

Samyak Charitra: Right action or behavior

Samyaktrayi: Right perception, knowledge and action

Samyaktva: Right conviction

Sanchit Karma: Accumulated Karma

Sangha: Religious order

Sanjwalan: Very subtle

Sankhya: Religious philosophy believing in immutable soul

Sarvadarshi: Omnipercipient

Sarvajna: Omniscient

Sarva Virati: Fully restrained; 6th stage of elevation

Saswadan: Having taste of previous experience; 2nd stage of elevation

Sat: That which exists forever

Sayogi Kevali: Embodied omniscient; 13th stage of elevation

Sensuous: Pertaining to senses

Shad Darshan: Six schools of thought

Shad Dravya: Six basic substances

Shat(d): Six

Shatavedaniya: Pleasurable situations

Shikshavrat: Disciplinary restraint

Shraman: Jain or Buddhist monk

Shrut Kevali: Knowing all scriptures

Shrut Jnana: Religious books; knowledge gained by studying

Shrut Skandha: Collection of scriptures

Shubha: Wholesome

Shwetambar: Whiteclad; name of a Jain sect

Siddha: Liberated

Siddhashila: Abode of liberated ones

Skandha: Combination of Paramanus

Soham: I am the soul

Sthanakwasi: Non-idolator Jain sect

Sthavar: Immobile beings

Sthiti: Duration of bondage

Sukshma: Subtle

Sukshma Samparay: Very subtle Kashaya; 10th stage of elevation

Sutra Kritang: Name of an original Aagama

Syat: May be possible

Tapa: Austerity

Tapachar: Code of austerity

Tattva: Fundamental

Tattvartha Sutra: Name of a book acceptable to all Jains

Terapanth: Name of a Sthanakwasi sect

Teukaya: Light bodies

Trasa: Mobile beings

Treendriya: Three sensed beings

Uday Karma: Operative Karma

Udirana: Curtailing the duration of Karma

Undefiled: Pure

Unembodied: Bodiless soul

Upabhogantaraya: Karma obstructing use of non-consumables

Upadeya: Adoptable

Upasham: Pacification

Upasham Shreni: Line of pacification

Upashant Moha: Pacified delusion; 11th stage of elevation

Upayog: Attentiveness; vigilance; awareness

Uttaradhyayan Name of a prominent Aagama

Vachana: Reediting of Aagamas at religious convention

Vad: Ism; school of thought

Vaidic: Pertaining to Vedas

Vanaspatikaya: Plant bodies

Vartaman Karma: Present Karma

Vatthu: Any thing

Vaukaya: Gaseous bodies

Vedaniya: What has to be undergone

Vedant: Scriptures based on Vedas

Vipak: Maturity

Viryantaraya: Karma that obstructs vigor

Vrata: restraint

Yati: Renegade monk

Yog: Coming together