Jainworld
Jain World
Sub-Categories of Jain Dictionary
Jain Dictionary

WORD MEANING
   
Pada: Word
   
Padartha-pratibandha: Indirectly connected with an object
   
Padastha-dhyana: Concentration upon holy chants
   
Padma-lesya: Lotus-pink karmic stain
   
Paduka: Footprint
   
Paindastha-dhyana: Concentration upon certain objects made up of the elements of matter
   
Paksa: Thesis
   
Paksa-sadhya-samsarga: Association of the subject with the probandum
   
Paksa-suddhi: Purification of the thesis
   
Paksabhana: Knowledge of the subject
   
Paksadharmata: Subsistence in the subject
   
Paksadharmatva: Subsistence in the subject
   
Paksadosa: Fallacy in the thesis
   
Paksavacana: Statement of the subject
   
Paksiya sadhya-sadhana-sambandha: Relationship of the probandum and the probane of the subject
   
Pamana-siddha: Proved by definite organ of knowledge
   
Panca-kalyana: The five auspicious events in the life of a Tirthankara; -mahotsava (the celebration of these events)
   
Panca-mahavrata: see also mahavrata
   
Panca-namaskara-mantra: see also namaskara-mantra
   
Panca-rupya: Five characteristics
   
Panchendriya: Five-sensed.
   
Pani-patra: Hand-bowl
   
Papa: Unwholesome karmas
   
Papopadesha: Preaching of sin to others.
   
Para (Samgraha naya): Ultimate
   
Para prashansa: praising others
   
Para-dravya: The being, location, time, or state, respectively, of other objects
   
Para-pratipatti: Understanding of others
   
Paraghata: Destructive; Possessing a limb or organ fatal to others, as a lion's claws, etc.
   
Paramanu: Atom
   
Paramatman: The highest [the liberated] soul
   
Paramesthin: The supreme divinity
   
Paramita: Perfection
   
Paraninda: Speaking ill of others.
   
Parartha: For others (eye etc.)
   
Parartha (Anumana): For others (i.e. syllogistic)
   
Pararthya: Meant for others
   
Parasamaya: The tenants of others
   
Paridevana: Piteous or pathetic moaning to attract compassion.
   
Parigraha: Possession
  Worldly attachment.
   
Parigraha-tyaga: Preparatory to the monk's life. enjoins a gradual giving up of the world and retiring into some very quiet place to acquire the knowledge of truth and ultimately to become fit to be a teacher of the path to Liberation.
   
Parigrahatyaga-pratima: The ninth stage in which a layman abandons the cares of worldly possessions
   
Parihara-vishuddhi: Ideal and passionless conduct.
   
Pariksa: Examination
   
Parinama: Modification
   
Parinami-nitya: Eternal but constantly changing
   
Parinamika: Existence of knowledge
   
Parinamin: Changing
   
Paripurna (Naigama): Non-distinguished in general
   
Parisaha-jaya: Victory over the afflictions
   
Parishaha: Sufferings.
   
Parishaha-jaya: Sub-dual of sufferings
   
Paritapiki-kriya: Anything which may cause mental pain to oneself or others.
   
Parivrajaka: A non-Jaina mendicant
   
Parmarthika (Pratyaksa): Transcendental
   
Paroksa: Indirect perception, accomplished through the senses, inference, etc.
  Non-perceptual
   
Paroparodhakarana: Residence in a place where one is not likely to be prohibited by others nor where one should be likely to prohibit others.
   
Parsad gunaudbhavana: proclaiming the good qualities of others.
   
Parthivi-dharana: Visualization of certain scenes by means of the earth element
   
Parvan: Jaina holy days
   
Paryapta: rational five-sensed, fully developable soul.
   
Paryapti: Developable; capable of developing the body.
   
Paryaya: Mode
  Mode; a synonym for bhava
  Modification
  Modifications
   
Paryaya: Synonym
   
Paryayarthikabhasa: False point of view of mode
   
Paryayastikanaya: Point of view of the mode
   
Paryusana-parva: A ten-day holy period for fasting during the rainy season
   
Pasavaccijja: Those who follow the discipline of Parsva
   
Patra: Bowl
   
Paudgalika: Material
   
Phaddaga: A chapter of monks
   
Phala: Fruit
  Resultant
   
Pinchi: A peacock-feather whiskbroom
   
Pita: Yellow.
   
Pita-lesya: Yellow karmic stain
   
Pitr-loka: World of the Manes
   
Posadhopavasa: The third siksavrata and fourth pratima; fasting on the eighth and fourteenth days of each lunar fortnight
   
Posaha-sala: Fasting hall
   
Prabhavana: Illumination
  Propagation of the path of Liberation.
   
Prachala: Drowsiness.
   
Prachala-prachala: Heavy drowsiness.
   
Pradesa: Space-point; amount of karma
   
Pradesha: Quantity
   
pradesha-bandha: The particular number of the molecules actually absorbed.
   
Pradeshatva: Capacity of having some kind of location in space.
  Spatiality
   
Pradoshiki-kriya: Tendency to accuse others in anger
   
Prajna: Wisdom
   
Prakaranasama (Hetvabhasa): Inconclusive
   
Prakirnaka: Miscellaneous; a group of Jaina canonical texts; scatterd stars
   
Prakriti: kind
   
Prakrti: Original nature of mind and matter in the Samkhya doctrine; types of karma
   
Pralaya: Demanifestation
   
Pramada: Carelessness
  Negligence; carelessness; apathy
   
Pramada-charitra: Thoughtless or inconsiderate conduct, such as plucking flowers or breaking branches of trees, without any purpose.
   
Pramana: Dimensions
  Organ of knowledge
   
Pramana-prasiddhatva: Definitelly proved
   
Pramana-vikalpa-prasiddatva: Optionally proved
   
Pramana-vikalpa-siddha Proved as well as optionally proved
   
Pramanaikadesatva: Cognising a part of the organ of knowledge
   
Pramanatva: (No definition given)
   
Pramanavakya: Statement of the organ of knowledge
   
Pramanya: Validity
   
Pramatr: The knower
   
Pramatta-virata: Total restraint without overcoming pramada; the sixth gunasthana
   
Pramatva: Organ of knowledge
   
Prameya: Subject
   
Prameyatva: Capacity of being known by someone, or of being the subject-matter of
  knowledge.
  Knowability
   
Pramoda: Delight at the sight of beings,better qualified or more advanced than ourselves on the path of liberation.
   
Pranatipiki-kriya: Depriving another of vitalities of age, sense-organs, power or respiration.
   
Pranayama: Yogic control of respiration
   
Prapyakarita: Working in close contact
   
Prapyakaritva: Contactory nature
   
Prarambha-kriya: trying to persevere in one's attachment to worldly belongings.
   
Prasama: Ease
   
Prasanga-viparyaya: Perverted cause
   
Prasiddha: Proved
   
Prasna: Question
   
Prasnadesa: Astrologer (who answers questions)
   
Prasnika: Who asks question
   
Prati-narayana: A Jaina literary type; the villian
   
Pratibandha: Hindrance
   
Pratiharya: Miraculous phenomenon
   
Pratijna: Thesis
   
Pratikramana: Ritualized confession
   
Pratima: Stages of renunciation for a layman
   
Pratimas: The Eleven stages of the Householder's Life.
   
Pratipatin (Avadhi): Extinguishing
   
Pratisedha: Negation
   
Pratisedha-sadhaka (Hetu): Which proves something negative
   
Pratisedharupa (Hetu): Negative
   
Pratisrika: Each one of them
   
Pratita: Obstructed
   
Prativadin: Opponent
   
Pratyabhijna: Recognition
   
Pratyakhyana: Renunciation of certain foods; one of the six avasayakas
   
Pratyakhyanavarananiya: Obstructors of complete renunciation
   
Pratyakhyanavaraniya: Total-vow-preventing passions including anger, pride, deceit and greed.
   
Pratyaksa: Direct perception
  Perceptual cognition
   
Pratyaksa viruddha: Contradicted by perceptual cognition
   
Pratyaksagamya: Perceived directly
   
Pratyayiki-kriya: Inventing new sense-enjoyments.
   
Pratyeka: Individual; solitary
   
Pratyeka sharira: Individual body; A body enjoyable by one soul only.
   
Pratyeka Sharira-Vargana: Individual body-molecule
   
Pravacana-matrka: The eight exercises that prepare a monk for advanced meditational states
   
Pravachana-bhakti: Devotion to Scriptures.
   
Pravachanavatsalatva: Tender affection for one's brothers on the path of liberation.
   
Pravrajya: Renunciation
   
Pravrttinimitta: Usage
   
Prayascitta: Repentence of transgressions
   
Prayashchitta: Expiation--internal austerity.
   
Prayoga-kriya: bodily movement.
   
Prayogya-labdhi: Reduction of karmic matter in soul attainment of purity due to such a reduction
   
Prayojaka-vrddha: A man, who comprehends the word
   
Prayojya-vrddha: Elder person, who is asked to do a thing
   
Proshadhopavasa: Fortnightly must fast.
  Taking a vow to fast on 4 days of the month,viz. the two 8th and the two 14th days of every lunar fortnight.
   
Prthvi-kayika: Earthbodies
   
Psadha-pratima: The fourth sravaka-pratima
   
Pudgala: Matter
   
Pudgala Dravya: Matter-Substance
   
pudgala-skandha: Aggregate of matter
   
Pudgalavadin: Follower of Buddhist school which upholds a theory of soul
   
Puja: Worship
   
Pumveda: Masculine.
  Sexual cravings for a female
   
   
Punya-karma: Wholesome karma
   
Punya-ksetra: Field of merit
   
Puranas: Name of a class of sacred texts dealing with the lives of Tirthankaras
   
Purusa: Person
  Soul
   
Purusa-visesa: Special soul, i.e., the God (Isvara) of the Yoga school
   
Purusaveda: Male-sex-consciousness
   
Purva: A group of fourteen Jaina canonical texts, now extinct
   
Purva ratanu smarana-tyaga: Renouncing of thinking over, remembrance of past enjoyment of women.
   
Purvacara (Hetu): Predecessor
   
Purvacaranupalabdhi: Non-availability of the predecessor
   
Puspa: Flower