GREAT FESTIVAL OF
Jinesh - Vinod, will you
come with me to the temple ?
Vinod - No, intend
to go to the picture today.
Jinesh - Why ?
Vinod - Because I am
somewhat disturbed today. There will be some merrymaking there.
Jinesh - Ah, you
are out to find peace in the pictures? Cinema is conducive to attachments and
aversions, leading to unhappiness. Daslakshan festival has also begun. These are
days of religious engagements. During these days people engage themselves in
spiritual reflections, prayers, fasting and other observances of religious
nature, and spend the whole day in self-study and discussion of the nature of
the fundamentals. Generally, the purpose of each religious festival is to
develop feelings of detachment from worldly affairs, but this festival is
particularly meant for meditation of the attributes of the soul.
Festival means an auspicious time, a holy
occasion. In reality, rise of the feelings of detachment with faith in the
nature of the soul is real observance of the festival, because that is
instrumental to the complete liberation of the soul, which, in itself, is a holy
Being connected with the ten virtues of
supreme forbearance etc., this is called the great festival of ten virtues (Dashlakshan
Vinod - What is this
religion of ten virtues?
Jinesh - Having
perfect faith in the self, to develop supreme conduct and thus engaging in its
pursuit in ten ways is the religion of ten virtues. These ten virtues are
supreme forbearance, supreme modesty, supreme straightforwardness, supreme
contentment, supreme truth, supreme self-restraint, supreme austerity, supreme
renunciation, supreme possessionlessness and supreme celibacy.
Vinod - Kindly
explain these ten virtues more clearly.
Jinesh - Yes,
please listen to me. In the absence of the intensest type of passion, which
leads to infinite bondage and births, and obstructs self-realisation and the
other two of some lesser intensity, the sentient monks develop a pure state of
conduct. From the real perspective that purity means acquisition of ten virtues
of supreme forbearance etc., and the feelings of merit for the observance of
these ten virtues, that arise in the minds of the monks are conventional
virtues, which lead to merit. The word 'supreme' indicates the presence of right
Intrinsically, with the support of the eternal
forbearance minded supreme soul, to abjure the intensest type of anger of the
first three categories in the line of passions is supreme forbearance.
In the event of slander and injury to the body
and other undesirable associations not to be overpowered by sinful anger, but to
maintain supreme forbearance on all such occasions is conventional forbearance.
Likewise, intrinsically with the support of
the eternally modesty minded pure soul, to abjure the intensest type of pride of
the first three categories in the line of passions, is supreme modesty. The
accompanying conventional modesty consists in not having eight types of pride,
that develop due to high caste etc. and to have merit of modesty in our
Vinod - And
Jinesh - Intrinsically,
with the support of the eternally straight-forwardness minded pure soul, to
abjure the intensest type of deceitfulness of the first three categories in the
line of passions, is supreme straight-forwardness. The accompanying conventional
straightforwardness consists in having merits of sincere simplicity, abandoning
demerits of deceit and dishonesty.
Likewise, real supreme contentment consists in
abjuring the intensest type of greed of the first three categories in the line
of passions by taking refuge in the supreme contentment minded self, and the
accompanying conventional contentment consists in complete avoidance of avarice
and developing the highest type of contentment in day-to-day behaviour.
Vinod - Does
supreme truth mean speaking the truth?
Jinesh - Speech
is the modification of matter which has no religion sense. The purity of our
being that comes with the support of our eternal sentient soul, having abjured
the three stages of the intensest type of passions, is real supreme truth and
our accompanying leanings towards speaking the truth in our day-to-day behaviour
is conventional truth.
In the same manner, supreme self-restraint
consists in the absence of the three stages of the intensest type of passions
and the consequent purity of our being, and the conventional self-restraint
consists in complete abjurement of violence and other sins and control of the
five senses in fitness with the state of monkhood.
Vinod -You have
made things very clear. If you have time, please explain these more explicitly.
Jinesh - I
have no time at present. I have to go to attend the discourse, we have lectures
on ten virtues every evening. You can come there and understand these virtues in
all their perspectives. I have to tell you briefly about austerity and
The purity of the soul as a consequence of the
absence of the three passions, with the support of the eternal sentient soul, is
real supreme austerity and the accompanying observances of fast etc., being
meritorious, are conventional austerity.
The purity of the soul that materialises with
the complete absence of the three types of passions with the support of our
eternal sentient being, is supreme renunciation, and the meritorious
inclinations of charity etc.,which accompany such state of the soul are called
In the same manner, the purity of the soul
consequent upon the abandoning of three passions with our adherence to the
eternal supreme being, is supreme possessionlessness and the accompanying
meritorious desire to renounce the worldly possessions is conventional
Real celibacy consists in indulging, enjoying
and merging our self with the eternally happiness incarnate soul, and the
accompanying abandoning indulgence in women etc., is conventional celibacy.
Vinod - What
is the difference between the real and the conventional virtues ?
Jinesh -The real
religion consists of the ten virtues of supreme forbearance etc., which are
instrumental to the obstruction of influx and partial and complete shedding of
the bondage of the soul, and the meritorious following of forbearance etc., is
conventional religion, that leads to merit bondage.
Vinod -The real
and conventional ten virtues of supreme forbearance etc. discussed above, are
for the monks. What about us?
Jinesh - Religion
is one for everybody. It is a different matter that the monks abjure the three
grades of intense passions by their supreme effort and acquire consequent purity
of the soul, and the householders, in accordance with their background, abandon
one or two such passions only and achieve partial purity of the self.
By DR.Hukumchand Bharilla.