is this soul unhappy ? Wherein lies the good of the soul?
Nemichandra -Good of the soul
is happiness without restlessness. That can be accomplished only by taking
refuge in the soul. This being, however, has forgotten his sentient soul and
indulged in all sorts of unnatural inclinations and is, therefore, unhappy.
Chamundrai - We
have known that karma is the cause of this misery.
Nemichandra -No, not so, when this soul forgetting itself, indulges in all sorts
of impure deeds and feelings of delusion, attachment and aversion, fruition of
karma is called conventional cause thereof. Karma does not force our souls to
indulge in these demerits.
Chamundrai - What
is this conventional cause ?
Nemichandra - When substances assume different forms of their own accord, the
existence of those elements that are harmonious to these assumptions are
described as their causes. These are Nimittas i.e. passive instruments. When
this soul on account of its own failings assumes different virtuous or vicious
manifestations, karma is called conventional cause thereof.
Chamundrai - It is
alright that this soul is, of its own, unhappy, not on account of consciousness
obstructing or other Karmas, but what is this failing of the soul?
Nemichandra - Forgetting oneself and regarding other entities as desirables and
undesirables and indulging in psychic karmas as delusions, attachments and
aversions, is the failing of the soul.
the soul of its own accord hurts its perception attributes i.e. does not give
full vent to its perceptional sentience, the karma passively instrumental to
this imperfect perception is called perception obstructing karma i.e. Darshanavarni
is psychic karma ?
Nemichandra - With the fruition of karmas this being indulges in imperfections
like delusions, attachments and aversions. These are psychic karmas. These
delusions etc., the passive causes of karmic matter, get associated with our
souls. They are called material karmas.
Chamundrai - So
psychic karmas are delusions, attachments, aversions etc. which originate in the
soul and karmic matter turned into karmas is the material karma.
Nemichandra - Originally karmas are of eight kinds, of these, Sentience
obstructing, Perception obstructing, Delusion producing, and Deprivation are
destructive karmas and delight and anguish producing karmic matter, life
determining karmic matter, physique making karmic matter and status determining
karmic matter are called non-destructive karmas.
Chamundrai -What do
you mean by destructive and non-destructive karmas?
Nemichandra - Those karmas that are instrumental in destroying intrinsic
qualities of the soul are called destructive, and those that do not do so are
Chamundrai - Karma
obstructing consciousness must be Gyanavaran and that obstructing perception
must be Darshanavaran.
Nemichandra - When the soul of its own accord hurts its consciousness attribute
i.e. does not give vent to its sentience, the karma indifferently instrumental
to this obstruction of full expression of sentience is called sentience
obstructing karma i.e. Gyanavaran karma.
Soul of its own accord hurts its perception attribute i.e. does not give full
vent to its perceptional sentience, the karma passively instrumental to this
imperfect perception is called perception obstructing karma i.e. Darshanavarni
Chamundrai - And
Nemichandra - When this being forgets one's self, regards others as his own, and
is non-attentive towards one's own self, the karma then present is called
Delusion i.e. Mohiniya karma.
It is of
two kinds- Faith delusion and Conduct delusion. The three karmic divisions of
wrong faith are of faith delusions and twenty-five passions are parts of conduct
Chamundrai - Now
only one destructive karma Deprivation remains.
Nemichandra - The karma in whose presence a being is deprived of charity,
strength and enjoyments of objects-some of them once for all and others
repeatedly-is called Deprivation. It is of five kinds.
let me know about non-destructive karmas also.
Nemichandra -Yes, listen, our soul itself becomes restless on account of
delusion, and favourable and unfavourable affiliations are obtained. In that
state the karma present is called delight and anguish producing karma. It is of
two kinds.: (1) giving comfort (ii) giving discomfort.
by virtue of its own ability remains in hellish, animal, human or divine present
is called life determining karmic matter.
that is instrumental in the bodily formations is called physique making karmic
matter. Auspicious and inauspicious are its two kinds. Its other divisions are
ninety-three in all.
that indifferently leads this soul to take birth in noble or ignoble families is
called status giving karma i.e. Gotra karma. Noble and ignoble states of birth
are its two kinds.
there thus only eight karmas?
Nemichandra --There are subdivisions of these eight, which are called Prakrities
and they are one hundred and forty-eight; we can understand them by divisions
made from other points of views. At this stage only this much is enough. If you
want to understand these at length, you should read Gomattasar Karmakand.