Purushartha - Siddhyapaya
Acharya Amrit Chandra Suri
Translated by Ajit Prasada
61. Those who desire avoiding Himsa,
should, first of all take care to renounce wine, flesh, honey, and the five
62. Wine stupefies the mind; one whose
mind is stupefied forgets piety; and the person who forgets piety commits
Himsa without hesitation.
63. And wine is said to be the
birth-place of many creatures which are generated in liquor; those who are
given up to wine, necessarily commit Himsa.
64. Pride, fear, disgust, ridicule,
ennui, grief, sex passion, anger, etc., are forms of Himsa; and all these are
concomitants of wine.
65. Flesh cannot be procured without
causing destruction of life; one who uses flesh, therefore commits Himsa,
66. If the flesh be that of a buffalo,
ox, etc., which has died of itself, even then Himsa is caused by the crushing
of creatures spontaneously born therein.
67. Whether pieces of flesh are raw, or
cooked, or in the process of cooking, spontaneously-born creatures of the same
genus are constantly being generated there.
68. He who eats, or touches, a raw, or a
cooked piece of flesh, certainly kills a group of spontaneously-born creatures
constantly gathering together.
69. Even the smallest drop of hone in the
world very often represents the death of bees; the fool who uses honey is a
70. Even if one uses hone which has been
obtained by some trick from honey comb, or which has itself dropped down from
it, there is Himsa in that case also, because of the destruction of creatures
of spontaneous birth born there.
71. Honey, wine, butter, and flesh are
extreme fermentations. Those with vows would not eat them. Therein (are born)
creatures of the same genus.
72. The two Udumbaras (Gular and fig) and
fruits of Pipal, Pakar, and Banyan are birth places of mobile beings.
Therefore Himsa of those creatures is caused by eating them.
73. Again, it they, the above five fruits
be dry, and free from mobile beings, on account of efflux of time, even then
in using them there is Himsa, caused by the existence of an excessive desire
74. Those pure intellects, who renounce
the above eight things, which cause painful and insufferable calamity, render
themselves worthy of Jain discipline.
75. Those, who, even after listening to
the doctrine of Ahimsa, are not able to renounce the Himsa of immobile beings,
should at least give up the Himsa of mobile beings.
76. Renunciation of nine-fold commission,
by self, through agent, and approval, by body, speech, and mind, is Perfect
Renunciation (Autsargiki Nivritti). Imperfect renunciation (Apavadiki Nivritti)
is of various kinds.
77. householders possessed of appropriate
articles of enjoyment have to injure a limited number of one-sensed beings.
They should desist from causing destruction of other immobile beings
78. Those who have been impressed with
the highest Ahimsa-elixir, which leads to immortality, should not be
distressed on seeing the improper behavior of the ignorant.
79. "Sacred religion is very subtle, and
there is no wrong in committing Himsa for the sake of religion." (People)
should not allow themselves to be thus deceived in the name of religion, and
should ever kill embodied beings.
80. Never entertain the wrong idea that
religion flourishes through gods, and that therefore everything may be offered
to them. Do not kill embodied beings, under such perverted judgment.