Review on HERMANN JACOBI 1850 - 1937
Hermann Jacobi was a German scholar who worked on several aspects of Indology.
His main contribution was in the field of Jaina studies.
Jacobi was born on 3.2.1850 in Koeln.
Soon he took up Sanskrit and comparative
linguistics. In 1872, he obtained a doctorate from
His thesis was entitled
Indicae ‘Hora' appelate originibus”
Jacobi spent a year in
After his return to
He became associate professor in the
In the winter of 1913 to 1914 Jacobi visited
Jacobi edited many Jain texts and translated
them into German.
· ‘Zwei Jainastotras’ in ‘Indische Studien’, 1876
The Kalpasutra of Bhadrabahu edited with an Introduction, Notes and a PrakritSanskrit Glossary,
· The Kalakacarya-Kathanakam, edited and translated, in the ‘Journal of the German Oriental Society’, 1880
The Ayaramga Sutta of the Svetambara Jains, Pali Text Society,
· The Sthaviravali Charita or Parisistaparvan by Hemacandra, Bibliotheca Indica, 1883, 2nd edition 1932.
· Acaranga Sutra
· Kalpa Sutra
for the ‘Sacred Books of the East’ , 1884
· Uttaradhyayana Sutra
‘Ausgewaehlte Erzaehlungen in Maharashtri’
From 1901 to 1914:
Upamitibhavaprapanca Katha of Siddharsi,
· The ‘Jainajnanaprasarakmandala sarapha bajara mumbai’ was published, Ahmedabad, 1906.
In 1908, he edited:
· ‘Haribhadra's Samaraica Kaha’, 2nd edition 1926.
In 1914, Jacobi brought out the
During his stay in
· Bhavisatta Kaha of Dhanavala
Apart from text editions, Jacobi wrote a
large number of papers on Jain subjects.
He proved that Mahavira and Parshva were historic personalities.
He also established that
was not an offshoot of Buddhism
Jacobi was awarded the title
Jaina Darsana Divakar ‘Sun of Jain Doctrine’ by the Jain community.
Jainism was, however, not the only field of
‘Methods And Tables For Verifying Hindu Dates, Tithis,
Eclipses, Nakshatras Etc.’,
The following three papers appeared in ‘Epigraphia Indica’:
· The Computation Of Hindu Dates In The Inscriptions, 1892
· Tables for Calculating Hindu Dates in True Local Time, 1894
· The Planetary Tables, 1912.
Jacobi contributed a paper on the age of the
Veda in ‘Festschrift for Rudolf Roth’.
· ‘On the Antiquity of Vedic Culture’, in ‘ Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society’ , 1908.
His theories generated a lot of controversy
und Nebensatz, Studien ueber die indogermanische Sprachentwicklung
In middle age Jacobi turned to the Epics and
Das Ramayana, Geschichte und Inhalt nebst Concordanz nach den gedruckten Rezensionen
Frauwallner, who edited the reprint, remarked that some of Jacobi's theories are hasty, some correct, but all are stimulating.
A corresponding book on the Mahabharata appeared in 1903.
Jacobi also wrote on the theory of poetry
· Dhvani the soul of poetry Dhvanyaloka, Leipzig, 1903.
He also wrote on the early history of Alamkarasastra,1930.
Among the philosophical systems of the
Hindus, Nyaya and Vaisheshika
appealed most to Jacobi.
indische Logik, NGGW, 1901.
His detailed analysis of different kinds of fallacies was useful for the interpretation of philosophical texts. In
Der Ursprung des Buddhismus aus dem Samkhya
Jacobi and Garbe
were involved in a discussion on the character of the Bhagavadgita.
das urspruengliche Yogasystem
He wrote a book on philosophy for the general reader
Jacobi contributed many articles to
· ‘Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics’.
Die Gottesidee in der indischen Philosphie
Die Entwicklung der Gottesidee bei den
Indern und deren Beweise fuer das Dasein Gottes
A Commemoration volume, edited by W. Kirfel for Jacobi's 75th birthday in 1925, contains a bibliography of Jacobi’s works.