Chapter # 2.9† Bondage of karma with different causes
What kind of
karma bondage occurs, keeping in mind the principle cause as wrong belief (Mithyatva) within a living being?
With wrong belief as
the principle cause, the following sixteen types of karma bondage occur:†††††
producing karma (Hundak sansthan).
disposition (Napunshak ved).
acquiring karma (Narak gati).
for infernal realm karma (Narak gatyanupurvi).
life-determining karma (Narakayu).
configuration- loosely jointed bones karma (Asampraptarsupatika
Four types of
genus of beings- i.e., One sensed, two sensed, three sensed, and four sensed
lives (Ekendriya, beendriya,
triindriya, and chaurendrya
12. Immobile lives karma (Sthavar).
13. Hot body karma (Atap).
14. Subtle body (Sukshma).
15. Undeveloped body (Aparyapta).
16. Common bodies (Sadharan
What type of karma
bondage occurs due to the vowlessness, which occurs
as a result of fruition of intense type of passions causing infinite bondage (Anantanubandhi kashayoday janit avirati)?†
This type of vowlessness helps acquire twenty five types of karma as
1-4 Four types of intense
passions like anger, ego, deceit, and greed.
5.†† Somnambulistic sleep (Styangrudhdhi).
6.†† Deep sleep producing
karma (Nindra nindra).
7.†† Exceedingly intense sleep producing karma (Prachala prachala).
8.†† Displeasing personality (Durbhag).
9.†† Harsh voice (Dushwar).
10. Non-impressive (Anadeya).
11. Awkward movements (Aprashastha
12. Female disposition (Stri
13. Lower status (Nich gotra).
14. Subhuman realm (Tiryanch†gati).
15. Migratory form towards subhuman realm (Tiryanch†anupurvi).
16. Subhuman life determining karma (Tiryanch†ayu).
17. Cold body (Udyot)
18-21. Four types of figures of bodies (Sansthan).
upper and asymmetrical lower body (Nyagrodh sansthan).
Symmertical lower and asymmetcial upper body (Svati sansthan).
Hunchback body (Kubjak sansthan).
Dwarf body (Vaman sansthan).
types of bone and joints formation (Sanhanan).
and joints (Vraj narach).
bones and joints (Narach).
bones and joints (Ardh narach).
and joints (Kilika).
†How many types of karma bondage occur due to
the vowlessness occurring as a result†† of fruition of partial vows preventing
passions (Apratyakhyanavaran kashayoday
† In this situation ten types of karma bondage
1.†† Four types of partial vows preventing passions karma, like anger,
ego, deceit and†††††† greed.†
5.†† Human realm (Manushya
6.†† Migratory form towards human realm (Manushya anupurvi).
7.†† Human life determining karma (Manushya ayu).
8.†† Physical body (Audarik
9.†† Physical limbs and their related parts (Audarik angopang).
Adamantine nerves, bones, and joints (Vraj rushabh narach sanhanan).
How many types
of karma bondage occur due to the vowlessness
occurring as a result of fruition of complete vow preventing passions (Pratyakhyanavaran kashayoday janit avirati)?
There are four types
of complete vows preventing passions karma: anger, ego, deceit and greed.
How many types
of karma bondage occur due to carelessness (Pramad)?
Due to carelessness
six types of bondage of karma occur:
making karma (Asthir nam
body making karma (Ashubha nam
feeling karma (Asata vedniya
making karma (Apyash kirti nam karma).
Displeasure quassi-passions (Arati nokarma).
Sorrow quassi-passions (Shok nokarma).
†How many types
of karma bondage occur with the fruition of passions (Kashay)?
† There are 58 different types of karma bondage
determining karma (Dev ayu).
Light sleep (Nindra).
Sound sleep (Prachala)
movements (Prashasta vihayogati).
genus of being (Panchendriya jati).
Fiery body (Tejas sharir)
Karmic body (Karman sharir).
Assimilated body (Aharak
Assimilated limbs and their related parts (Aharak angopang).
Perfect symmetry all around (Samchaturask
Fluid body (Vaikriya
Fluid body limbs and their related parts (Vaikriya angopang).
Celestial realm (Dev gati).
Migratory form towards celestial realm (Dev gati anupurvi).
Skin color (Roop).
Not too heavy, not too light (Agurulaghu).
Mobile body (Trash).
Gross body (Badar).
Developable body (Paryapta).
Individual body (Pratyek).
Stable body (Sthir).
Auspicious body (Subha).
Amiable personality (Subhag).
Sweet voice (Sushwar)
Beautiful body (Adeya).
Pleasure quassi-passions (Rati).
Disgust quassi-passions (Jugupsa).
Fear quassi-passions (Bhay).
Male disposition (Purush ved).
42. Four perfect conduct†preventing
passions to include anger, ego, deceit and greed (Sanjvalan
43. Empirical knowledge obstructive karma (Mati gnanavarniya karma).
44. Scripture knowledge obstructive karma (Shrut gnanavarniya karma).
45. Clairvoyance knowledge obstructive karma (Avadhi gnanavarniya karma).
46. Telepathy knowledge obstructive karma (Manahparyah
47. Omniscient knowledge obstructive karma (Keval
48. Vision perception obstructive karma (Chakshu
49. Non-vision perception obstructive karma (Achakshu
50. Clairvoyance perception obstructive karma (Avadhi
51. Omniscient perception obstructive karma (Keval
52. Charity obstructing karma (Dan antaraya).
53. Enjoyment obstructing karma (Bhog antaraya).
54. Re-enjoyment obstructing karma (Upbhog antaraya).
55. Will power obstructing karma (Virya antaraya).
56. Gain obstructing karma (Labh antaraya).
57.†† Fame (Yash kirti)
58.† High status determining karma (Uchcha gotra).
How many types of
karma bondage occur due to psychophysical activities†(Yog)?
Here there is bondage
of only one type, that of pleasure producing feeling karma (Sata
The total types
of karma are 148, and in the bondage mentioned above (question 323-329), we
considered only 120.† So what happened to
the remaining 28 types of karma?
They emerge in touch,
taste, smell, and skin color; plus we shall also consider twenty subtypes as
consider touch, taste, smell and skin color as individual composites, then
there are four. Since each would include its subtypes, we are subtracting
Five bodies (Sharir) also
include five bondages of the parts of body (Bandhan
Karma), and five
of the body karma (Sanghat Karma). Therefore ten more
need to be substracted.
The enlightened soul makes three divisions of his
prior false believe karma.† At this time,
the right/wrong belief karma (Mishra mohniya) and clouded right belief karma (Samkit Mohniya) and wrong belief
karma (Mithyatva) are born.† Thus, there are two less covered in the
In this way we account for, 16+10+2=28 karma types.
different types of material inflow are there (Davya Ashrav)?
There are two types:
Long term inflow†(Samparayik Ashrav) and Short term inflow†(Iryapath Ashrav).
What is meant by
long-term inflow† (Samparayik Ashrav)?
When soulís passions
become an instrumental cause, the karma particles become bonded to the
soul.† These karma stay with the soul for
a somewhat longer period of time. It is called long term inflow.
What is the
instantaneous inflow (Iryapath Ashrav)?
When soulís vibratory activity (Yog) becomes
the instrumental cause, the bondage, the fruition, and the shedding of karma
occur within one smallest unit of time (Samay). It is
called short term inflow.
Who is the doer of
both of the above-mentioned inflows?
Long term inflow of
karma is caused with soulís passions and Short term inflow
caused without passions, but the soul is the doer of both types.†
What is the
reason for good deed (Punya) and bad deed (Pap)
The cause for good
deed inflow is the auspicious vibrations of the soulís space unit (Shubh yog).† The cause for bad deed inflow is the
inauspicious vibrations of the soulís space unit (Ashubh
What is called
the auspicious and inauspicious vibratory activities of the soulís space unit?
activities of the soulís space units created by the auspicious internal thought
process of the soul (Shubh bhav)
is called the auspicious vibratory activity of the soulís space units (Shubh yog), and one created by
the inauspicious internal thought process of the soul (Ashubh
bhav) is called the inauspicious vibratory activities
of the soulís space units (Ashubh yog).†
Is it possible
that during the auspicious vibratory activity of the soulís space units that
there could be an inflow of bad deed karma?
If the above is
true, then does the auspicious yog become the cause
for bad deed inflow? Is this true?
vibratory activity of the soulís space units (Shubh yog) is not the cause for the bad deed inflow.† The reason is as follow.†
When the auspicious yog occurs in the soul, then at the same time, karma
bondage occur.† These karma have both types of bondage, the good deeds and
bad deeds karma, but in this situation, the duration of intensity of the good
deed karma is way too strong compared to that of the bad deed karma.† The reverse is true for the inauspicious yog of the soul.
In Tatvarthsutra, chapter six, sutra ten, it mentions the
cause for knowledge obscuring and perception obscuring karma inflow.† They are slander (Pradosh),
concealment (Nihvav), envy (Matsarya),
disregard (Ashadan), and condemnation (Upghat) of the scripture.
The impression given
here is as follow:† According to the
internal thought process of the soul, the duration and intensity of the bondage
occur much more for a given particular type of karma.†
The mundane soul has
karma bondage of all seven types all the time.
Life determining karma bondage occurs only once in the lifetime.†
When there is
inauspicious thought process of the soul (Ashubh bhav), then
The duration (Sthiti) of all seven karma bondage increases,
The intensity (Anubhag-ras) of the bad deed karma increases,
The intensity of
the good deed karma decreases.
When there is
auspicious thought process in the soul (Shubh bhav), then
The duration of
all seven karma bondage decreases,
The intensity of
the bad deed karma decreases,
The intensity of
the good deed karma increases.
types of bad deed karma, including the knowledge obscuring karma, inflow and
bondage occur up to the tenth spiritual stage of development (Tenth gunathanak).† The
auspicious thought process of the soul also occurs up to the tenth stage of
with auspicious thought process of the soul, there is also some inflow and
bondage of bad deed karma that occurs.